UPSC IAS Exam Syllabus-Pre & Mains

UPSC IAS Exam Syllabus-Pre & Mains


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UPSC CSE Preliminary Exam Syllabus

General Studies -  Paper 1 Syllabus

Marks: 200; Duration: 2 Hours; Number of Questions: 100

1.     Current Affairs: Current events of national and international importance

2.     History of India and Indian National Movement

3.     Indian and World Geography: Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.

4.     Indian Polity and Governance: Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.

5.     Economic and Social Development: Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc.

6.     General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change (no subject specialization required)

7.     General Science


CSAT -Paper 2 Syllabus

Marks: 200; Duration: 2 Hours; Number of Questions: 80

1.     Comprehension

2.     Interpersonal skills including communication skills

3.     Logical reasoning and analytical ability

4.     Decision making and problem solving

5.     General mental ability

6.     Basic numeracy - numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc. (Class X level)

7.     Data Interpretation - charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency, etc. (Class X level)


Marking Scheme: 

·       Total 80 questions of 200 marks, thus each question is of 2.5 marks. There is a negative marking of 33%.

·       Paper-II of the Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination is a qualifying paper with minimum qualifying marks fixed at 33%.

·       The questions are of multiple choice, objective type.


Civil Services Main Examination

The Main Examination consists of written examination and an interview test. The written exam consists of nine papers of conventional essay type out of which two papers are of qualifying in nature. Marks obtained for all the compulsory papers (Paper-I to Paper-VII) and Marks obtained in Interview for Personality Test are counted for ranking.

Candidates who obtain minimum qualifying marks in the written part of the Main Examination are called for an interview for a Personality Test. The number of candidates called for interview are about twice of the number of vacancies to be filled. The interview carries 275 marks (with no minimum qualifying marks).

Candidates are allotted to the various Services keeping in view their ranks in the examination and the preferences expressed by them for the various Services and posts.

Written Exam: Qualifying Papers

The aim of the paper is to test your ability to read and understand serious discursive prose, and to express ideas clearly and correctly, in English and Indian language concerned. The pattern of questions would be broadly as follows:


1.     Comprehension of given passages

2.     Precis Writing

3.     Usage and Vocabulary

4.     Short Essays

Indian Language

1.     Comprehension of given passages

2.     Precis Writing

3.     Usage and Vocabulary

4.     Short Essays

5.     Translation from English to the Indian Language and vice-versa

Paper-A (300 Marks): One of the Indian Language to be selected by the candidate from the Languages included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution.

Paper-B (300 Marks): English

The papers on Indian Languages and English (Paper A and paper B) are of Matriculation or equivalent standard and are of qualifying nature. The marks obtained in these papers are not counted for ranking.

Papers Counted for Merit

1.     Paper-I (250 Marks): Essay

2.     Paper-II (250 Marks): General Studies - I (Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society)

3.     Paper-III (250 Marks): General Studies - II (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)

4.     Paper-IV (250 Marks): General Studies - III (Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)

5.     Paper-V (250 Marks): General Studies - IV (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude)

6.     Paper-VI (250 Marks): Optional Subject - Paper 1

7.     Paper-VII (250 Marks): Optional Subject - Paper 2

Sub Total (Written test): 1750 Marks

Evaluation of the papers, Essay, General Studies and Optional Subject of all the candidates would be done simultaneously along with evaluation of their qualifying papers on Indian Languages and English but the papers on Essay, General Studies and Optional Subject of only such candidates will be taken cognizance who attain 25% marks in 'Indian Language' and 25% in English as minimum qualifying standards in these qualifying papers.


CSE Mains General Studies Syllabus

There are four General Studies Papers of 250 marks each.

CSE Mains General Studies - I

Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society

  • Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
  • Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present significant events, personalities, issues.
  • The Freedom Struggle - its various stages and important contributors or contributions from different parts of the country.
  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
  • History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc. - their forms and effect on the society.
  • Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
  • Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
  • Effects of globalization on Indian society.
  • Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
  • Salient features of world’s physical geography.
  • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian subcontinent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India).
  • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location - changes in critical geographical features (including waterbodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

CSE Mains General Studies - II

Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations

  • Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure. 
  • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
  • Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions. 
  • Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries.
  • Parliament and State Legislatures - structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these. 
  • Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity. 
  • Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
  • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies. 
  • Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies. 
  • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. 
  • Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections. 
  • Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector or Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources. 
  • Issues relating to poverty and hunger. 
  • Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizen’s charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
  • Role of civil services in a democracy. 
  • India and its neighborhood- relations. 
  • Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests. 
  • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.
  • Important International institutions, agencies and fora - their structure, mandate.

CSE Mains General Studies - III

Technology, Economic Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management

  • Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment. 
  • Inclusive growth and issues arising from it. 
  • Government Budgeting. 
  • Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.
  • Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing. 
  • Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
  • Land reforms in India.
  • Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth. 
  • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways, etc. 
  • Investment models. 
  • Science and Technology - developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology. 
  • Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights. 
  • Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
  • Disaster and disaster management.
  • Linkages between development and spread of extremism. 
  • Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security. 
  • Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention. 
  • Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism.
  • Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

CSE Mains General Studies - IV

Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude

This paper includes questions to test your attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced in dealing with society. Questions may utilize the case study approach to determine these aspects. The following broad areas are covered.

  • Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values - lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values. 
  • Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
  • Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections. 
  • Emotional intelligence -  concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance. 
  • Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world. 
  • Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance. 
  • Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption. 
  • Case Studies on above issues.

Comments on “19 March 2021 Daily Current Affairs

  1. Professor Sunny Kapoor is one of my favourite teacher. He teaches boring and difficult subjects very nicely.

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