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Sep/Oct 2019 to Feb 2020

From Sep/Oct to February, aspirants should devote their time to build the basic FOUNDATION for the Exam.

Aspirants should be finished with basic NCERT books by December end along with a few essential reference books by end of February. This will serve the following purposes:-

. Give them a solid foundation for general studies Paper.

. Make them aware of the variety of subjects whose knowledge is required for UPSC.

. Allow them to devote their time to the optional subject to have a basic idea of the same.

UPSC has been asking most questions based on current issues, so Newspaper has become of utmost importance both for Prelims as well as for Mains. For Prelims 2020, seeing the past few years trends, aspirants must follow the Current affairs from June 2018 to May 2020. While reading the newspaper, students must develop a habit of making notes for future revision.

Students should never try to memorize or cram the subjects which they are reading. Instead, they must try to develop the memories, mind-maps, Charts, Liable and Venn-diagrams and find an easy way to link static content with daily current affairs which they need in newspapers. Because most of the questions asked by UPSC are conceptual and analytical in nature.

Phase -2: March 2020 to April 2020

This is the phase which demands complete devotion of time to prelims preparation and try to take as many Mock tests as possible. Bright Career Maker’s Test Series analyze each and every topic comprehensively and enable students to get familiar with exam pattern, predict possible questions, assess weal areas and inculcates time management skills.

It is always batter to make mistake in Mock Exams so that they aren’t repeated in UPSC. Students learn to apply their knowledge in a holistic manner and use the methodologies while elimination, intelligent guesses to mark the correct answers.

Phsase -3 : April 2020 to UPSC-Prelims 2020- Revision

UPSC preparation is a year-long process and due to the vast syllabus and comprehensiveness of study pattern, aspirants never feel completely satisfied with the amount they have studied.

But SUCCESS MANTRA   , every IAS aspirant followed was to follow the pattern of REVISE-REPEAT that is doing a proper revision before entering the exam hall on the day of examination. This is required essentially by all students in order to recall and perform well.

It is advised to students to REVISE ALL SUBJECTS at least 2 TIMES before their examination.

Phase -4    (Post Prelims Day to August 2020)

After the Prelims is over, what differentiates students who excel in Mains and who do not ,is the extent of writing Practice as they have a sufficient knowledge base with them. Students must focus on drafting answers and improving presentation skills as “The Examiner knows the Candidates by his Answers”. This will enhance their confidence and give them an edge over other candidates who keeps on gathering knowledge but “fail to put their knowledge on paper in a prescribed world limit”

Phase-5: Test 2020 start till Mains 2020

Aspirants must revise all subject and topics two times before Mains exam which will help them to write better answers in their Mains exam.  

Phase-6: UPSC Interview Preparation

Once the mains exam is done, aspirants have 3 or 3.5 months before the final stage of UPSC Preparation The personality Test. This is an immensely critical time and students must utilize this precious time to prepare for Interviews by giving more and more Interviews as possible and by preparing each and every aspect of their Detailed Application Form (DAF)


Sources / Booklist:

Ancient History (GS-1) ·         Old NCERT Class XI (R.S. Sharma)
Medieval History (GS-1) ·         Old NCERT Class XI (Satish Chandra)
Modern History     (GS-1) ·         Old NCERT Class IX (BIPIN Chandra)

·         A brief history of Modern India- Spectrum Publications.

·         India’s struggle for independence by Bipin Chandra ( selective reading)

Indian Art & Culture (GS-1) ·         An Introduction of India AA- NCERT Class XI

·         Centre for Cultural Resource and Training (CCRT) Material

Post-Independence History ( GS-1)              Class 12th NCERT
World History ( GS-1) ·         Modern World History- Arjun Dev

·         Norman Lowe( Selective topics)


Indian Polity( GS- 2) ·         M Laxmikant

·         Indian Constitution at work- NCERT class 11th

·         ARC-2 Report ( Summary would suffice)

·         Selective reading of Sarkaria and Panchii Commission Reports

·         NITI Aayog,3 Year Action Agenda ( selective report)

·         The Hindu / The Indian Express

·         The big picture on RSTV

International Relations ( GS-2) ·         Pax Indica- Shashi Tharoor

·         The Hindu/The Indian Express (relevant article)

·         Official website of Ministry of External Affairs

Social Issues ( GS-1) ·         Understanding Society- Class 11th Sociology NCERT

·         Indian Society, Social Change and development in India- Class 12th Sociology NCERT

·         The Hindu/The Indian Express

·         Yojana- Relevant Chapters

·         PIB ( Government schemes)

Geography (GS-1) ·         New NCERT- Class 11th, 12th (4 books)

·         Certificate Physical and Human Geography – G.C. Leong

·         Oxford- Student Atlas

·         The Hindu ( Current Issues)

Indian Economy / Agriculture( GS-3) ·         Indian Economic Development
(Class 11th NCERT)·         Macroeconomics ( Class 12th NCERT)

·         Indian Economy (Ramesh Singh)

·         Economic Survey (Summary Reading)

·         Yojana( for Agriculture related issues)/ The Hindu/ The Indian express                            (economy section is very much relevant)

Science and Technology( GS-3) ·         Science Books( Class IX and X)

·         The Hindu (Latest Articles in Science & Tech section)

·         Yojana ( Selective Articles)

Internal Security (GS-3) ·         Challenges to Internal Security (by Ashok Kumar, IPS)

·         IDSA website, EPN/MMA articles

·         The Hindu/ The Indian express(relevant articles)

Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude(GS-4) ·         Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude (by G.Subba Rao)

·         The Hindu

·         2nd ARC Report (Ethics in governance and Code of Conduct)

Environment and Ecology ( GS-3) ·         Class 12th Biology NCERT (last 4 chapters)

·          Biodiversity, Climate Change and Disaster Management ( Majid Hussain)

·         Website of Ministry of Envt. , Forests and Climate change

·         Yojana/ Kurukshetra (issues related to environment and ecology)


“Challenges make life interesting, and you make it meaningful by overcoming them”