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GEOGRAPHY MCQs

 

1.  Consider the following factors :(2012)

1.  Rotation of the Earth

2.  Air pressure and wind

3.  Density of ocean water

4.  Revolution of the Earth

Which of the above factors influence the ocean currents?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 1, 2 and 3

(c) 1 and 4

(d) 2, 3 and 4

Solution (b)

 

2. When you travel in the Himalayas, you will see the following :(2012)

1.  Deep gorges

2.  U-turn river courses

3.  Parallel mountain ranges

4.  Steep gradients causing land-sliding

Which of the above can be said to be the evidence for the Himalayas being young fold mountains?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 1, 2, and 4 only

(c) 3 and 4 only

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Solution (d)

 

3. Variations in the length of daytime and night time from season to season are due to (2013)

(a) the earth’s rotation on its axis

(b) the earth’s revolution around the sun in an elliptical manner

(c) latitudinal position of the place

(d) revolution of the earth on a tilted axis

Solution (d)

 

4. The annual range of temperature in the interior of the continents is high as compared to coastal areas. What is/are the reason/reasons? (2013)

1.  Thermal difference between land and water

2.  Variation in altitude between continents and oceans

3.  Presence of strong winds in the interior

4.  Heavy rains in the interior as compared to coasts

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

(a) 1 only

(b) 1 and 2 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Solution (a)

 

5. Which one of the following pairs of islands is separated from each other by the ‘Ten Degree Channel’? (2014)

1.  Andaman and Nicobar

2.  Nicobar and Sumatra

3. the Maldives and Lakshadweep

4.  Sumatra and Java

Solution (a)

6. The Brahmaputra, Irrawaddy, and Mekong rivers originate in Tibet and flow through narrow and parallel mountain ranges in their upper reaches. Of these rivers, Brahmaputra makes a “U” turn in its course to flow into India. This “U” turn is due to (2011)

(a.) Uplift of folded Himalayan series

(b.) Syntaxial bending of geologically young Himalayas

(c.) Geo-tectonic disturbance in the tertiary folded mountain chains

(d.) Both (a) and (b) above

Solution (b)

 

7. The Narmada river flows to the west, while most other large peninsular rivers flow to the east. Why? (2013)

1.  It occupies a linear rift valley.

2.  It flows between the Vindhyas and the Satpuras.

3.  The land slopes to the west from Central India.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3

(c) 1 and 3

(d) None

Solution (a)

 

8. On the planet earth, most of the freshwater exists as ice caps and glaciers. Out of the remaining freshwater, the largest proportion (2013)

(a) is found in the atmosphere as moisture and clouds

(b) is found in freshwater lakes and rivers

(c) exists as groundwater

(d) exists as soil moisture

Solution (c)

 

9. Consider the following rivers: (2014)

1.  Barak

2.  Lohit

3.  Subansiri

Which of the above flows / flow through Arunachal Pradesh?

1.  1 only

2.  2 and 3 only

3.  1 and 3 only

4.  1, 2 and 3

Solution (b)

 

10. Which of the following are/are the characteristics/ characteristics of Indian coal? (2013)

1.  High ash content

2.  Low sulfur content

3.  Low ash fusion temperature

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Solution (a)

 

11. Consider the following statements: (2013)

1.  Natural gas occurs in the Gondwana beds.

2.  Mica occurs in abundance in Kodarma.

3.  Dharwars are famous for petroleum.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 2

(b) 2 only

(c) 2 and 3

(d) None

Solution (b)

 

12. Consider these pairs (2014)

1. Cardamom Hills

Coromandel Coast

2. Kaimur Hills

Konkan Coast

3. Mahadeo Hills

Central India

4. Mikir Hills

North-East India

 Which of the above pairs are correctly matched?

1.  1 and 2

2.  2 and 3

3.  3 and 4

4.  2 and 4

Solution (c)

13. Consider the following pairs :

National Highway

Cities connected

1. NH 4

Chennai and Hyderabad

2. NH 6

Mumbai and Kolkata

3. NH 15

Ahmedabad and Jodhpur

 

Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?

1.  1 and 2 only

2.  3 only

3.  1, 2 and 3

4.  None

Solution (d)

 

14. La Nina is suspected to have caused recent floods in Australia. How is La Nina different from El Nino? (2011)

1.  La Nina is characterized by unusually cold ocean temperature in the equatorial Indian Ocean whereas El Nino is characterized by unusually warm ocean temperature in the equatorial Pacific Ocean.

2.  El Nino has an adverse effect on the southwest monsoon of India, but La Nina does not affect the monsoon climate.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a.) 1 only

(b.) 2 only

(c.) Both 1 and 2

(d.) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution (d)

 

15.Westerlies in southern hemisphere are stronger and persistent than in northern hemisphere. Why? (2011)

1.  Southern hemisphere has less landmass as compared to northern hemisphere.

2.  Coriolis force is higher in southern hemisphere as compared to northern hemisphere

Which of-the statements given above is/are correct?

(a.) 1 only

(b.) 2 only

(c.) Both 1 and 2

(d.) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution (a)

 

16.A layer in the Earth’s atmosphere called Ionosphere facilitates radio communication. Why? (2011)

1.  The presence of ozone causes the reflection of radio waves to Earth.

2.  Radio waves have a very long wavelength.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a.) 1 only

(b.) 2 only

(c.) Both 1 and 2

(d.) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution (d)

 

17.The jet aircrafts fly very easily and smoothly in the lower stratosphere. What could be the appropriate explanation? (2011)

1.  There are no clouds or water vapour in the lower stratosphere.

2.  There are no vertical winds in the lower stratosphere.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct in this context?

(a.) 1 only

(b.) 2 only

(c.) Both 1 and 2

(d.) Neither 1 nor 2

 Solution (c)

 

18.Normally, the temperature decreases with the increase in height from the Earth’s surface, because (2012)

1.  the atmosphere can be heated upwards only from the Earth’s surface

2.  there is more moisture in the upper atmosphere

3.  the air is less dense in the upper atmosphere

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Solution (a)

 

19.During a thunderstorm, the thunder in the skies is produced by the: (2013)

1.  meeting of cumulonimbus clouds in the sky

2.  lightning that separates the nimbus clouds

3.  violent upward movement of air and water particles

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3

(C) 1 and 3

(d) None of the above produces the thunder

Solution (d)

 

20.The seasonal reversal of winds is the typical characteristic of (2014)

1.  Equatorial climate

2.  Mediterranean climate

3.  Monsoon climate

4.  All of the above climates

Solution (c)

 

21.Among the following States, which one has the most suitable climatic conditions for the cultivation of a large variety of orchids with minimum cost of production, and can develop an export oriented industry in this field? (2011)

(a.) Andhra Pradesh

(b.) Arunachal Pradesh

(c.) Madhya Pradesh

(d.) Uttar Pradesh

Solution (b)

 

22.With reference to micro-irrigation, which of the following statements is/are correct?

1.  Fertilizer/nutrient loss can be reduced.(2011)

2.  It is the only means of irrigation in dry land farming.

3.  In some areas of farming, receding of ground water table can be checked.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(a.) 1 only

(b.) 2 and 3 only

(c.) 1 and 3 only

(d.) 1, 2 and 3

 Solution (c)

23.If a tropical rain forest is removed, it does not regenerate quickly as compared to a tropical deciduous forest. This is because (2011)

(a.) the soil of rain forest is deficient in nutrients

(b.) propagules of the trees in a rain forest have poor viability

(c.) the rain forest species are slow-growing

(d.) exotic species invade the fertile soil of rain forest

Solution (a)

 

24.The lower Gangetic plain is characterized by humid climate with high temperature throughout the year. Which one among the following pairs of crops is most suitable for this region? (2011)

(a.) Paddy and cotton

(b.) Wheat and Jute

(c.) Paddy and Jute

(d.) Wheat and cotton

Solution (c)

 

25.A state in India has the following characteristics:(2011)

1.  Its northern part is arid and semi-arid.

2.  Its central part produces cotton.

3.  Cultivation of cash crops is predominant over food crops.

Which one of the following states has all of the above characteristics?

(a.) Andhra Pradesh

(b.) Gujarat

(c.) Karnataka

(d.) Tamil Nadu

Solution (b)

 26.Consider the following agricultural practices :(2012)

1.  Contour bunding

2.  Relay cropping

3.  Zero tillage

In the context of global climate change, which of the above helps/help in carbon seques-tration/storage in the soil?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 3 only

(c) 1, 2 and 3

(d) None of them

Solution (c)

 

27.Which of the following is the chief characteristic of ‘mixed farming’? (2012)

(a) Cultivation of both cash crops and food crops

(b) Cultivation of two or more crops in the same field

(c) Rearing of animals and cultivation of crops together

(d) None of the above

Solution (c)

 

28.Consider the following crops of India :(2012)

1.  Cowpea

2.  Green gram

3.  Pigeon pea

Which of the above is/are used as pulse, fodder and green manure?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

 Solution (d)

 

29.Consider the following crops of India :(2012)

1.  Groundnut

2.  Sesamum

3.  Pearl millet

Which of the above is/are predominantly rainfed crop/crops?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Solution (d)

 

30.Consider the following crops (2013)

1.   Cotton

2.  Groundnut

3.  Rice

4.  Wheat

Which of these are Kharif crops?

(a) 1 and 4

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1, 2 and 3

(d) 2, 3 and 4

Solution (c)

 

31.Consider the following techniques/phenomena: (2014)

1.  Budding and grafting in fruit plants

2.  Cytoplasmic male sterility

3.  Gene silencing

 Which of the above is/are used to create transgenic crops?

1.  1 only

2.  2 and 3

3.  1 and 3

4.  None

Solution: 

Which of the following statements is / are correct regarding vegetative propagation of plants? (2014)

1.  Vegetative propagation produces clonal population.

2.  Vegetative propagation helps in eliminating the virus.

3.  Vegetative propagation can be practiced most of the year.

 Select the correct answer using the code given below.

1.  1 only

2.  2 and 3 only

3.  1 and 3 only

4.  1, 2 and 3

Solution (c)

 

32.Region vs Produce

Region

Well-known for the production of

1. Kinnaur (Himachal)

Areca nut

2. Mewat (Haryana)

Mango

3. Coromandel (TN-Andhra)

Soya bean

Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?

1.  1 and 2 only

2.  3 only

3.  1, 2 and 3

4.  None

Solution (d)

 

33.Consider the following statements:

1.  Maize can be used for the production of starch.

2.  Oil extracted from maize can be a feedstock for biodiesel.

3.  Alcoholic beverages can be produced by using maize.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

1.  1 only.

2.  1 and 2 only

3.  2 and 3 only

4.  1, 2 and 3

Solution (d)

 

34.With reference to Neem tree, consider the following statements:

1.  Neem oil can be used as a pesticide to control the proliferation of some species of insects and mites.

2.  Neem seeds are used in the manufacture of biofuels and hospital detergents.

3.  Neem oil has applications in pharmaceutical industry.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

1.  1 and 2 only

2.  3 only

3.  1 and 3 only

4.  1, 2 and 3

Solution (d)

 

35.In the context of food and nutritional security of India, enhancing the ‘Seed Replacement Rates’ of various crops helps in achieving the food production targets of the future. But what is/are the constraint/ constraints in its wider / greater implementation?

1.  There is no National Seeds Policy in place.

2.  There is no participation of private sector seed companies in the supply of quality seeds of vegetables and planting materials of horticultural crops.

3.  There is a demand-supply gap regarding quality seeds in case of low value and high volume crops.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

1.  1 and 2

2.  3 only

3.  2 and 3

4.  None

Solution (b)

 

36.What are the benefits of implementing the ‘Integrated Watershed Development Programme’?

1.  Prevention of soil runoff

2.  Linking the country’s perennial rivers with seasonal rivers

3.  Rainwater harvesting and recharge of groundwater table

4.  Regeneration of natural vegetation

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

1.  1 and 2 only

2.  2, 3 and 4 only

3.  1, 3 and 4 only

4.  1, 2, 3 and 4

Solution (c)

 

37.What are the significances of a practical approach to sugarcane production known as ‘Sustainable Sugarcane Initiative’?

1.  Seed cost is very low in this compared to the conventional method of cultivation.

2.  Drip irrigation can be practiced very effectively in this.

3.  There is no application of chemical/ inorganic fertilizers at all in this.

4.  The scope for intercropping is more in this compared to the conventional method of cultivation.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

1.  1 and 3 only

2.  1, 2 and 4 only

3.  2, 3 and 4 only

4.  1, 2, 3 and 4

Solution (b)

 

 

Solution (d)

 

 

38.Salinization occurs when the irrigation water accumulated in the soil evaporates, leaving behind salts and minerals. What are the effects of salinization on the irrigated land? (2011)

(a.) It greatly increases the crop production

(b.) It makes some soils impermeable

(c.) It raises the water table

(d.) It fills the air spaces in the soil with water

Solution (b)

 

39.Contour bonding is a method of soil conservation used in: (2013)

(a) desert margins, liable to strong wind action

(b) low flat plains, close to stream courses, liable to flooding

(c) scrublands, liable to spread of weed growth

(d) None of the above

Solution (b)

 

40.Which of the following statements regarding laterite soils of India are correct? (2013)

1.  1. They are generally red in colour.

2.  They are rich in nitrogen and potash.

3.  They are well-developed in Rajasthan and UP.

4.  Tapioca and cashew nuts grow well on these soils.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

(a) 1, 2 and 3

(b) 2, 3 and 4

(c) 1 and 4

(d) 2 and 3 only

Solution (c)

 

41.Two important rivers — one with its source in Jharkhand (and known by a different name in Odisha), and another, with its source in Odisha — merge at a place only a short distance from the coast of Bay of Bengal before flowing into the sea. This is an important site of wildlife and biodiversity and a protected area. Which one of the following could be this? (2011)

(a.) Bhitarkanika

(b.) Chandipur-on-sea

(c.) Gopalpur-on-sea

(d.) Simlipal

Solution (a)

 

42. A sandy and saline area is the natural habitat of an Indian animal species. The animal has no predators in that area but its existence is threatened due to the destruction of its habitat. Which one of the following could be that animal? (2011)

(a.) Indian wild buffalo

(b.) Indian wild ass

(c.) Indian wild boar

(d.) Indian gazelle

Solution (b)

 

43.The Himalayan Range is Very rich in species diversity. Which one among the following is the most appropriate reason for this phenomenon? (2011)

(a.) It has a high rainfall that supports luxuriant vegetative growth

(b.) It is a confluence of different bio-geographical zones

(c.) Exotic and invasive species have not been introduced in this region

(d.) It has less human interference

Solution (b)

 

Consider the following areas:(2012)

1.  Bandipur

2.  Bhitarkanika

3.  Manas

4.  Sunderbans

Which of the above are Tiger Reserves?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 1, 3 and 4 only

(c) 2, 3 and 4 only

(d) l, 2, 3 and 4

Solution (b)

 

44.In which one among the following categories of protected areas in India are local people not allowed to collect and use the biomass? (2012)

(a) Biosphere Reserves

(b) National Parks

(c) Wetlands declared under Ramsar Convention

(d) Wildlife Sanctuaries

Solution (b)

 

Consider the following kinds of organisms :(2012)

1.  Bat

2.  Bee

3.  Bird

Which of the above is/are pollinating agent/agents?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Solution (d)

 

45.Which one of the following groups of animals belongs to the category of endangered species? (2012)

(a) Great Indian Bustard, Musk Deer, Red Panda and Asiatic Wild Ass

(b) Kashmir Stag, Cheetal, Blue Bull and Great Indian Bustard

(c) Snow Leopard, Swamp Deer, Rhesus Monkey and Saras (Crane)

(d) Lion-tailed Macaque, Blue Bull, Hanuman Langur and Cheetal

Solution (a)

 

46.Which of the following can be threats to the biodiversity of a geographical area? (2012)

1.  Global warming

2.  Fragmentation of habitat

3.  3.Invasion of alien species

4.  Promotion of vegetarianism

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(a) 1, 2 and 3 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 4 only

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

 

Solution (a)

 

47.Consider the following:

1.  Black-necked crane

2.  Cheetah

3.  3.Flying squirrel

4.  Snow leopard

Which of the above are naturally found in India?

(a) 1, 2 and 3 only

(b) 1, 3 and 4 only

(c) 2 and 4 only

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Solution (b)

 

48.Consider the following fauna of India:(2013)

1.  1.Gharial

2.  2.Leatherback turtle

3.  3.Swamp deer

Which of the above is/are endangered?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 3 only

(c) 1, 2 and 3

(d) None

Solution (a)

 

49.A particular State in India has the following characteristics :(2012)

1.  It is located on the same latitude which passes through northern Rajasthan.

2.  It has over 80% of its area under forest cover.

3.  Over 12% of forest cover constitutes Protected Area Network in this State.

Which one among the following States has all the above characteristics?

(a) Arunachal Pradesh

(b) Assam

(c) Himachal Pradesh

(d) Uttarakhand

Solution (a)

 

50.With reference to the wetlands of India, consider the following statements :(2012)

1.  The country’s total geographical area under the category of wetlands is recorded more in Gujarat as compared to other States.

2.  In India, the total geographical area of coastal wetlands larger than that of wetlands.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution (a)

 

51.The acidification of oceans is increasing. Why is this phenomenon a cause of concern? (2012)

1.  The growth and survival of calcareous phytoplankton will be adversely affected.

2.  The growth and survival of coral reefs will be adversely affected.

3.  The survival of some animals that have phytoplankton larvae will be adversely affected.

4.  The cloud seeding and formation of clouds will be adversely affected.

Which of the statements given above is /are correct?

(a) 1, 2 and 3 only

(b) 2 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Solution (a)

 

52.Consider the following (2013)

1.  Star tortoise

2.  Monitor lizard

3.  Pygmy hog

4.  Spider monkey

Which of the above found in India?
(a) 1, 2 and 3 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Solution (a)

 

53.Consider the following pairs:(2013)

1.  Nokrek Bio-sphere Reserve : Garo Hills

2.  Logtak (Loktak)Lake : Barail Range

3.  NamdaphaNationalPark : Dafla Hills

Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1, 2 and 3

(d) None

Solution (a)

 

54. Consider the following pairs (2013)

National Park                                                 River flowing through the Park

1.  Corbett National Park :                             Ganga

2.  Kaziranga National Park :                        Manas

3.  Silent Valley National Park :                   Kaveri

Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?

(a) 1 and 2

(b)3 only

(c) 1 and 3

(d) None

Solution (d)

 

55.In which of the following States is lion-tailed macaque found in its natural habitat? (2013)

1.  Tamil Nadu

2.  Kerala

3.  Karnataka

4.  Andhra Pradesh

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

(a) 1, 2 and 3 only

(b) 2 only

(c) 1, 3 and 4 only

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Solution (a)

 

56.The 2004 Tsunami made people realize that mangroves can serve as a reliable safety hedge against coastal calamities. How do mangroves function as a safety hedge? (2011)

(a.) The mangrove swamps separate the human settlements from the sea by a wide zone in which people neither live nor venture out

(b.) The mangroves provide both food and medicines which people are in need of after any natural disaster

(c.) The mangrove trees are tall with dense canopies and serve as art excellent shelter during a cyclone or tsunami

(d.) The mangrove trees do not get uprooted by storms and tides because of their extensive roots

Solution (d)

 

58.Consider the following pairs :(2013)

Tribe                                                      State

1.  Limboo (Limbu):                            Sikkim

2.  Karbi:                                             Himachal Pradesh

3.  Dongaria:                                       Odisha

4.  Bonda:                                           Tamil Nadu

Which of the above pairs are correctly matched?

(a) 1 and 3 only

(b) 2 and 4 only

(c) 1, 3 and 4 only

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Solution (a) 

 

59.With reference to ‘Changpa’community of India, consider the following statement: (2014)

1.  They live mainly in the State of Uttarakhand.

2.  They rear the Pashmina goats that yield a fine wool.

3.  They are kept in the category of Scheduled Tribes.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

1.  1 only

2.  2 and 3 only

3.  3 only

4.  1, 2 and 3

Solution (b)

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