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                              All About Public Administration

key Points :- 

I.  Check out the Syllabus of Public Administration

II. why to choose Pub Ad as Optional Paper.

III. Reference Books for Optional Paper-Pub Ad

IV. Previous Year Question paper of UPSC-Optiomal Paper (Pub Ad)

I. Syllabus of Public Administration

Paper Marks Name of Paper
Paper-I 250 Marks Administrative Theory
Paper-II 250 Marks Indian Administration

Paper-I (250 Marks) 


Administrative Theory


Introduction: Meaning, scope and significance of Public Administration; Wilson’s vision of Public Administration; Evolution of the discipline and its present status; New Public Administration; Public Choice approach; Challenges of liberalization, Privatization, Globalization; Good Governance: concept and application; New Public Management.

Administrative Thought: Scientific Management and Scientific Management movement; Classical Theory; Weber’s bureaucratic model – its critique and post-Weberian Developments; Dynamic Administration (Mary Parker Follett); Human Relations School (Elton Mayo and others); Functions of the Executive (C.I. Barnard); Simon’s decision-making theory; Participative Management (R. Likert, C. Argyris, D. McGregor).

Administrative Behavior: Process and techniques of decision-making; Communication; Morale; Motivation Theories – content, process and contemporary; Theories of Leadership: Traditional and Modern.

Organizations: Theories – systems, contingency; Structure and forms: Ministries and Departments, Corporations, Companies, Boards and Commissions; Ad hoc and advisory bodies; Headquarters and Field relationships; Regulatory Authorities; Public – Private Partnerships.

Accountability and control: Concepts of accountability and control; Legislative, Executive and Judicial control over administration; Citizen and Administration; Role of media, interest groups, voluntary organizations; Civil society; Citizen’s Charters; Right to Information; Social audit.

Administrative Law: Meaning, scope and significance; Dicey on Administrative law; Delegated legislation; Administrative Tribunals.

Comparative Public Administration: Historical and sociological factors affecting administrative systems; Administration and politics in different countries; status of Comparative Public Administration; Ecology and administration; Riggsian models and their critique.

Development Dynamics: Concept of development; Changing profile of development administration; ‘Antidevelopment thesis’; Bureaucracy and development; Strong state versus the market debate; Impact of liberalization on administration in developing countries; Women and development – the self-help group movement.

Personnel Administration: Importance of human resource development; Recruitment, training, career advancement, position classification, discipline, performance appraisal, promotion, pay and service conditions; employer- employee relations, grievance redressal mechanism; Code of conduct; Administrative ethics.

Public Policy: Models of policy-making and their critique; Processes of conceptualization, planning, implementation, monitoring, evaluation and review and their limitations; State theories and public policy formulation.

Techniques of Administrative Improvement: Organization and methods, Work study and work management; e-governance and information technology; Management aid tools like network analysis, MIS, PERT, CPM.

Financial Administration: Monetary and fiscal policies; Public borrowings and public debt Budgets – types and forms; Budgetary process; Financial accountability; Accounts and audit.

PAPER – II (250 Marks) 

Indian Administration


Evolution of Indian Administration: Kautilya’s Arthashastra; Mughal administration; Legacy of British rule in politics and administration – Indianization of public services, revenue administration, district administration, local self-government.

Philosophical and Constitutional framework of government: Salient features and value premises; Constitutionalism; Political culture; Bureaucracy and democracy; Bureaucracy and development.

Public Sector Undertakings: Public sector in modern India; Forms of Public Sector Undertakings; Problems of autonomy, accountability, and control; Impact of liberalization and privatization.

Union Government and Administration: Executive, Parliament, Judiciary – structure, functions, work processes; Recent trends; Intragovernmental relations; Cabinet Secretariat; Prime Minister’s Office; Central Secretariat; Ministries and Departments; Boards; Commissions; Attached offices; Field organizations.

Plans and Priorities: Machinery of planning; Role, composition and functions of the Planning Commission and the National Development Council; ‘Indicative’ planning; Process of plan formulation at Union and State levels; Constitutional Amendments (1992) and decentralized planning for economic development and social justice.

State Government and Administration: Union-State administrative, legislative and financial relations; Role of the Finance Commission; Governor; Chief Minister; Council of Ministers; Chief Secretary; State Secretariat; Directorates.

District Administration since Independence: Changing role of the Collector; Union state- local relations; Imperatives of development management and law and order administration; District administration and democratic decentralization.

Civil Services: Constitutional position; Structure, recruitment, training and capacity-building; Good governance initiatives; Code of conduct and discipline; Staff associations; Political rights; Grievance redressal mechanism; Civil service neutrality; Civil service activism.

Financial Management: Budget as a political instrument; Parliamentary control of public expenditure; Role of finance ministry in monetary and fiscal area; Accounting techniques; Audit; Role of Controller General of Accounts and Comptroller and Auditor General of India.

Administrative Reforms since Independence: Major concerns; Important Committees and Commissions; Reforms in financial management and human resource development; Problems of implementation.

Rural Development: Institutions and agencies since independence; Rural development programmes: foci and strategies; Decentralization and Panchayati Raj; 73rd Constitutional amendment.

Urban Local Government: Municipal governance: main features, structures, finance and problem areas; 74th Constitutional Amendment; Global local debate; New localism; Development dynamics, politics and administration with special reference to city management.

Law and Order Administration: British legacy; National Police Commission; Investigative agencies; Role of central and state agencies including paramilitary forces in maintenance of law and order and countering insurgency and terrorism; Criminalization of politics and administration; Police-public relations; Reforms in Police.

Significant issues in Indian Administration: Values in public service; Regulatory Commissions; National Human Rights Commission; Problems of administration in coalition regimes; Citizen-administration interface; Corruption and administration; Disaster management.

II. why to choose Pub Ad as Optional Paper.

Although choosing Optional Paper is a tough decision for any aspirant, but following are few factors which attracts maximum students towards Pub-Ad

  •  There is no any requirement of any specific academic background for opting this subject as your optional subject.
  • This subject helps the aspirant to understand how governemnt actually works,  i.e  the role of administration.
  • Various topics overlaps with General Studies. (List of overlapping topic is given at the end of this page)Interesting This subject is very practical suggest, gives opportunity to learn various thing which automatically creates interest in the subject .
  • This subject is easy to understand.
  • Most Important plus point with this subject is that the material , books are available in the market ,which is unlike with various famous subjects.
  • Not only Genegal Studies , but this Optional will help in Essay paper as well.
  • Public Administration as a optional paper help the aspirant in solving the case studies as well , which is very important in the exam.
  • Questions use to come directly from the concepts.(Straightforward) -Yoo may check the previous year question ,given below. 

III. Recommended Books for Optional Paper-Pub Ad

Paper I

Book Name Name of the Author
Public Administration M. Laxmikanth
New Horizons of Public Administration Mohit Bhattacharya
Administrative Thinkers Prasad and Prasad
Public Administration: Concepts and Theories Rumki Basu
Public Administration: Theory and Practice Sharma and Sadana
Administrative Theories and Management Thought Sapru
Contemporary Debates in Public Administration Dhameja Alka

Paper II

Book Name Name of the Author
Indian Administration Arora and Goyal
Governance in India M. Laxmikanth
Indian Administration Maheswari
Introduction to the Constitution of India D. D. Basu

Indian Administration

Pankaj Singh
Governance in India for UPSC Civil Services (Prelims) M. Laxminkanth
Students are not required to read all the books.

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