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Raksha Mantri and Defence Minister of Uzbekistan witness ‘Curtain Raiser’ of first-ever India-Uzbekistan Joint Exercise ‘Dustlik 2019’


Importance of Central Asia for India via Connect Central Asia Policy
  • India has a very wide array of interests in Central Asia covering security, energy, economic opportunities etc.
  • Central Asia serves as a land bridge between Asia and Europe, making it geopolitically axial for India.
  • Security, stability and prosperity of Central Asia is imperative for peace and economic development of India.
  • The region is rich in natural resources such as petroleum, natural gas, antimony, aluminum, gold, silver, coal and uranium which can be best utilized by Indian energy requirement.
  • Central Asia has huge cultivable areas lying barren and without being put to any productive use, offering enormous opportunity for cultivation of pulses. Indian agribusiness companies can setup commercial agro-industrial complexes in Central Asia.
  • Owing to higher economic growth, several areas have become attractive for construction business, providing huge scopes to Indian companies engaging in financial services, contractors, engineers, and management specialists.
  • Both India and Central Asian Republics (CARs)share many commonalities and perceptions on various regional and world issues and can play crucial role in providing regional stability.
  • For India to use Chabahar as a vital gateway to access Eurasian markets and optimally operationalize its use, requires a Central Asian state joining the project as a direct stakeholder.
  • Central Asian Regions are fast getting linked to the global market for production, supplies of raw materials and services. They are also increasingly getting integrated into the East-West Trans-Eurasian transit economic corridors.

Indian Synergy in Central Asian Region


  • Central Asia is facing many challenges in food security; Indian expertise in the field can be a game changer in the region.
  • Commercial farming is another important area where India and CARs can cooperate.
  • India’s experience in boosting food and milk production and modernizing agro-techniques under the green and white revolution can prove panacea for Central Asia.
  • Good relations with India will provide an assured market to these countries for their energy, raw materials, oil and gas, uranium, minerals, hydro electric power etc.
  • India can significantly bring in lots of foreign investment along with technical expertise in field of infrastructure, hospitality, medical etc.
  • India has registered significant progress recently through renovation of Chabahar port,development of the International North-South Transport Corridor (INSTC) and becoming a member of Ashgabat Agreement.
  • The Indian Technical and Economic Cooperation (ITEC)Program provides technical assistance and training in areas such as banking, remote sensing and information technology etc in the premier institutions in India.


With a message of National Unity “KVS EK Bharat Shreshtha Bharat Parv” ends with a Grand Cultural Evening


·         Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat was announced on the occasion of the 140th birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel on 31st October (Ekta Divas).

·         Through this innovative measure, the knowledge of the culture, traditions and practices of different states & UTs will lead to an enhanced understanding and bonding between the states, thereby strengthening the unity and integrity of India.

·         SARDAR PATEL

  1. Vallabhbhai Patel was a political and social leader who played a major role in the country’s struggle for independence and subsequently guided its integration into a united, independent nation.
  2. Women of Bardoli bestowed the title Sardar to Vallebhai Patel, which in Gujarati and most Indian languages means Chief or Leader.
  3. Vallabhbhai Patel was inspired by the work and philosophy of Mahatma Gandhi. Patel subsequently organised the peasants of Kheda, Borsad, and Bardoli in Gujarat in a non-violent civil disobedience movement against oppressive policies imposed by the British Raj.
  4. He rose to the leadership of the Indian National Congress and was at the forefront of rebellions and political events, organising the party for elections in 1934 and 1937, and promoting the Quit India movement.
  5. As the first Home Minister and Deputy Prime Minister of India, Patel organised relief for refugees in Punjab and Delhi, and led efforts to restore peace across the nation.
  6. Patel took charge of the task to forge a united India from over 560 semi-autonomous princely states and British-era colonial provinces. Using frank diplomacy backed with the option (and the use) of military action, Patel’s leadership enabled the accession of almost every princely state.
  7. Hailed as the Iron Man of India, he is also remembered as the “Patron Saint” of India’s civil servants for establishing modern all-India services.
  8. Patel was also one of the earliest proponents of property rights and free enterprise in India.


Harness blue economy to create more jobs and spur economic growth: VP


  • he concept was introduced by Gunter Pauli in his 2010 book- “The Blue Economy: 10 years, 100 innovations, 100 million jobs”.
  • It is the sustainable use of ocean resources for economic growth, improved livelihoods and jobs, and ocean ecosystem health.
  • It advocates the greening of ocean development strategies for higher productivity and conservation of ocean’s health.
  • It encompasses–
    • Renewable Energy:Sustainable marine energy can play a vital role in social and economic development.
    • Fisheries:Sustainable fisheries can generate more revenue, more fish and help restore fish stocks.
    • Maritime Transport: Over 80% of international goods traded are transported by sea.
    • Tourism:Ocean and coastal tourism can bring jobs and economic growth.
    • Climate Change:Oceans are an important carbon sink (blue carbon) and help mitigate climate change.
    • Waste Management:Better waste management on land can help oceans recover.
  • Blue Economy emphasizes on integration of development of ocean economy with social inclusion, environmental sustainability, combined with innovative business model.
  • This is reflected in Sustainable Development Goal (SDG 14),which calls to conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development.

Developments Initiated by India


·         The Sagarmala project is the strategic initiative for port-led development through the extensive use of IT enabled services for modernization of ports.


  • India has an umbrella scheme by the name of O-SMART which aims at regulated use of oceans, marine resources for sustainable development.
  • Integrated Coastal Zone Management focuses on conservation of coastal and marine resources, and improving livelihood opportunities for coastal communities etc.
  • Development of Coastal Economic Zones (CEZ) under Sagarmala would become a microcosm of the blue economy, wherein industries and townships that depend on the sea will contribute to global trade.
  • India has a National Fisheries policy for promoting ‘Blue Growth Initiative’ which focus on sustainable utilization of fisheries wealth from the marine and other aquatic resources.