Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh calls upon SCO to strengthen existing international laws to combat terrorism
- Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh today called upon the member countries of Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) to strengthen and implement all existing international laws and mechanisms, without exceptions or double standards, to combat terrorism and its enablers.
- SCO is a permanent intergovernmental international organisation.
- It’s a Eurasian political, economic and military organisation aiming to maintain peace, security and stability in the region.
- It was created in 2001.
- The SCO Charter was signed in 2002, and entered into force in 2003.
- It is a statutory document which outlines the organisation’s goals and principles, as well as its structure and core activities.
- The SCO’s official languages are Russian and Chinese.
- 8 member states: China, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.
- 4 observer states: Afghanistan, Belarus, Iran and Mongolia
- 6 dialogue partners: Armenia, Azerbaizan, Cambodia, Nepal, SriLanka and Turkey
PM to participate in various ASEAN related summits
INDIA ASEAN RELATIONS
- India was accorded full ASEAN Dialogue Partner Status in 1995, followed by its membership in ASEAN Regional Forum. ASEAN has been a strategic partner of India since 2012.
- Commerce, Culture and Connectivity are the three pillars of India’s robust engagement with ASEAN.
- Under the AEP, India not only expected to bolster its economic engagements with the region; it yearned to emerge as a potential security balancer as well.
- India has attempted to demonstrate its ability to play a dynamic role in the region. India sent a strong signal to China by mentioning the importance of maintaining freedom of navigation in the South China Sea, respecting United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS)
- India’s ‘Act East’ policy, upgraded from ‘Look East’ policy in 2014, serves as a platform for deepening and strengthening its economic, cultural & strategic relationship with ASEAN and the East Asian economies.
- Providing enhanced connectivity to North East states of India ASEAN and the East Asian economies, has been a priority in Act East Policy.
- ASEAN-India Agreement on Trade in Service and Investments has entered into force for India and seven ASEAN countries
- ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF):Launched in 1993, the twenty-seven-member multilateral grouping was developed to facilitate cooperation on political and security issues to contribute to regional confidence-building and preventive diplomacy.
- ASEAN Plus Three:The consultative group initiated in 1997 brings together ASEAN’s ten members, China, Japan, and South Korea.
- East Asia Summit (EAS):First held in 2005, the summit seeks to promote security and prosperity in the region and is usually attended by the heads of state from ASEAN, Australia, China, India, Japan, New Zealand, Russia, South Korea, and the United States. ASEAN plays a central role as the agenda-setter.
- Delhi Declaration: To identify Cooperation in the Maritime Domain as the key area of cooperation under the ASEAN-India strategic partnership.
- Delhi Dialogue:Annual Track 1.5 event for discussing politico-security and economic issues between ASEAN and India.
- ASEAN-India Centre (AIC):To undertake policy research, advocacy and networking activities with organizations and think-tanks in India and ASEAN.
Cumulative no of Houses Sanctioned under PMAY(U) now more than 93 lakhs
1. The Government in the President’s address in the Joint Session of Parliament in May 2014 had announced that “By the time the nation completes 75 years of its Independence (by 2022), every family will have a pucca house with water connection, toilet facilities, 24×7 electricity supply and access”
2. In pursuance to this Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana-Housing for all was launched by Prime Minister Mr. Narendra Modi Ji on 1 June 2015. Under this scheme, affordable houses will be built in all cities and towns using eco-friendly construction methods for the benefit of the urban poor population in India.
3. The mission aims at providing Housing for All by 2022 when the Nation completes 75 years of its Independence.
4. Under PMAY, it is proposed to build two crore houses for urban poor including Economically Weaker Sections (EWS), Low Income Groups (LIG) and Middle Income Groups (MIGs) in urban areas by the year 2022 through a financial assistance from central government.
5. All 4041 statutory towns as per Census 2011 with focus on 500 Class I cities would be covered in three phases