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Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana

Paper: General Studies 2

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of
their design and implementation

Why in News?

  • Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY), a flagship scheme of the Government for pregnant women and lactating mothers has achieved a significant milestone by crossing one crore beneficiaries. The total amount disbursed to the beneficiaries under the scheme has crossed Rs. 4,000 crores


  • Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana – PMMVY is a maternity benefit programme offered by the government of India under which a cash incentive of Rs. 5,000 is provided to pregnant women and lactating mothers. The incentive is provided for the first living child of the family for fulfilling the specific maternal and child health conditions viz. early registration of pregnancy, ante-natal check-up and registration of the birth of the child and completion of first cycle of vaccination for the first living child of the family
  • Objectives:
    • Providing partial compensation for the wage loss in terms of cash incentives so that the woman can take adequate rest before and after delivery of the first living child.
    • The cash incentive provided would lead to improved health seeking behaviour amongst Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers (PW&LM)
  • The eligible beneficiaries would receive the incentive given under the Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) for Institutional delivery and the incentive received under JSY would be accounted towards maternity benefits so that on an average a woman gets Rs 6000
  • The amount is transferred in three installments via DBT directly in the bank account


National Educational Alliance for Technology (NEAT)

Paper: General Studies 2

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health,
Education, Human Resources

Why in News?

  • Ministry of Human Resource Development has announced a new PPP Scheme, National Educational Alliance for Technology (NEAT) for using technology for better learning outcomes in Higher Education


  • The objective is to use Artificial Intelligence to make learning more personalised and customised as per the requirements of the learner
  • The diversity of learners would be addressed by the development of technologies in Adaptive Learning
  • The alliance would bring together a number of companies – mostly startups – working on various innovative solutions in the EdTech sector
  • MHRD would act as a facilitator to ensure that the solutions are freely available to a large number of economically backward students. MHRD would create and maintain a National NEAT platform that would provide one-stop access to these technological solutions.
  • EdTech companies would be responsible for developing solutions and manage registration of learners through the NEAT portal. They would be free to charge fees as per their policy. As their contribution towards the National cause, they would have to offer free coupons to the extent of 25% of the total registrations for their solution through NEAT portal.
  • MHRD would distribute the free coupons for learning to the most socially/economically backward students.
  • AICTE would be the implementing agency for NEAT programme


Fisheries Sector India

Paper: General Studies 3

Topic: economics of animal-rearing

Why in News?

  • “Handbook on Fisheries Statistics – 2018” was published by the Department of Fisheries of the Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry & Dairying, Government of India

Highlights of the Report and India’s Fisheries sector:

  • Total fish production in India was 12.59 million tonnes (mt) and the country exported 1.38 mt fish and fish products with a value of over ₹45,000 crore in 2017-18
  • Of the total 12.59 mt of fish production, inland fishing contributed about 8.9 mt, with remaining from marine fisheries
  • India is the second largest producer of fish after China
  • The data highlights growth about 10% Y-o-Y growth in fish production, indicating a positive impact of various government measures

Importance of Fisheries sector:

  • Nutritional Security – fisheries provide an important source of protein for a large proportion of Indian population, particularly in coastal states
  • Employment generation and livelihood support – fisheries sector provides gainful employment to more than 14 million people
  • Provides about 5.23% contribution to agricultural GDP
  • Agricultural exports – Fish and fish product exports emerged as the largest group in agricultural exports and in value terms accounted for Rs 47,620 crore in 2018-19

Recent Steps in Fisheries sector development:

  • In April 2017, Government of India has notified the ‘National Policy on Marine Fisheries, 2017’ (NPMF), which provides guidance for promoting ‘Blue Growth Initiative’ which focus on ushering ‘Blue Revolution’ (NeeliKranti) by sustainable utilization of fisheries wealth from the marine and other aquatic resources of the country for improving the lives and livelihoods of fishermen and their families
  • Creation of a separate department of fisheries
  • creation of special  Fisheries and Aquaculture Infrastructure Development Fund (FIDF)
  • Boost to overall coastal economy under Sagarmala Project
  • Announcement of central government’s investment of Rs 25000 crore in fisheries sector in the next 5 years [2019-2024]


Prelims specific

  • Khanderi – scorpene class submarine delivered to Indian Navy by Mazagaon Dock Shipbuilders limited. The submarine ‘KHANDERI’ is named after the wide snouted Saw fish, a deadly sea predator of the great Indian Ocean