Selected Student Innovators of Atal Tinkering Lab Marathon 2018 Call on the President
What are ATLs?
With a vision to ‘Cultivate one Million children in India as Neoteric Innovators’, Atal Innovation Mission is establishing Atal Tinkering Laboratories (ATLs) in schools across India.
Objective: The objective of this scheme is to foster curiosity, creativity and imagination in young minds; and inculcate skills such as design mindset, computational thinking, adaptive learning, physical computing etc.
Financial Support: AIM will provide grant-in-aid that includes a one-time establishment cost of Rs. 10 lakh and operational expenses of Rs. 10 lakh for a maximum period of 5 years to each ATL.
Eligibility: Schools (minimum Grade VI – X) managed by Government, local body or private trusts/society can set up ATL.
Significance of ATLs:
Atal Tinkering Labs have evolved as epicenters for imparting these ‘skills of the future’ through practical applications based on self-learning.
Bridging a crucial social divide, Atal Tinkering Labs provide equal opportunity to all children across the spectrum by working at the grassroot level, introducing children to the world of innovation and tinkering.
The Atal Innovation Mission (AIM) is the Government of India’s flagship initiative to promote a culture of innovation and entrepreneurship in the country.
AIM is mandated to create an umbrella structure to oversee innovation ecosystem of the country and revolutionizing the innovation eco-system – touching upon the entire innovation life cycle through various programs.
PM pays tributes to first Prime Minister of India Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, on his birth anniversary
- Jawaharlal Nehru was born on 14th November 1889 to affluent barrister Motilal Nehru and his wife Swaruprani Thussu at Allahabad, United Provinces.
- He had a privileged childhood thanks to his father’s successful career in the legal profession. He went to England to study at the Harrow School aged 15. He then pursued natural science from Cambridge University.
- He was also interested in politics, literature, history and economics.
- His father was a member of the Indian National Congress and an active participant in the freedom struggle. Nehru was also influenced by the Italian leader Garibaldi.
- Nehru studied law and entered the Bar in 1912. He started his practice at the Allahabad High Court.
- However, he felt inclined towards the independence movement and drifted away from his profession to participate in the movement.
- In 1912, he attended the Patna session of the INC and felt that the party was restricted in its membership to the upper classes of India. He had more radical ideas and espoused complete independence from British rule at a time when most people only demanded home rule or dominion status.
- He came under the spell of Mahatma Gandhi when they met for the first time in 1916. He then advocated non-violence and non-cooperation.
- When his father broke away from the INC in the wake of the cancelling off of the Non-cooperation movement by Gandhi due to the violence at Chauri Chaura, Nehru remained with the original party.
- Nehru was also a keen diplomat. Even during the freedom struggle days, he visited several countries where there were similar movements for democratic rights.
- He also understood the importance of bringing together the people of the princely states in the national movement.
- He became the INC’s General Secretary in 1923. He was the party president in the Lahore session in 1929 when the Poorna Swaraj declaration was made for the first time.
- He was the head of the party several times and also was a major face of the freedom movement next to Gandhi. He was jailed on many occasions.
- He headed the Interim Government in 1946. He played a major part in the framing of the Constitution of the country.
- After the country achieved independence, he along with Sardar vallabhbhai patel and his aide V K Krishna Menon successfully integrated the country.
- As a Prime Minister, he followed the Soviet Model of the economy. Nehru also believed in secularism but his selective implementation of this ideal has led to several debates even today. He is said to have secularised many personal laws for the majority community but has left the Muslim personal law from legislation.
- He initiated many projects for the development of the country like the establishment of the IITs, defence academies and so on.
- He also gave political support to the space and nuclear programs of the country.
- Nehru was also responsible for the annexation of Goa after years of failed negotiations with the Portuguese.
- He is the longest-serving PM of the country, having been in office for 17 years. He died in office on 27th May 1964 aged 74. He died of a heart attack.
- His birth anniversary is observed as ‘Children’s Day’ in India.
Bye Elections to the Council of States from Karnataka and Uttar Pradesh
Bye-election is held to choose a member of the Lok Sabha or that of state legislature “to replace a previous member who has resigned suddenly or died. At times certain seats may fall vacant because the members have become seats falling vacant in this manner are also filled through bye-elections. A member elected in a bye-election holds membership only for the unexpired term of the house.
Mid-Term Polls The Lok Sabha or the state assembly may be dissolved before its term is over. The election is that case is mid-term election. This is also called a General Election.
Index Numbers of Wholesale Price in India (Base: 2011-12=100)
- The official Wholesale Price Index for ‘All Commodities’ (Base : 2011-12=100) for the month of October, 2019 rose by 0.7% to 122.2 (provisional) from 121.3 (provisional) for the previous month.
- The Wholesale Price Index (WPI) is the price of a representative basket of wholesale goods. The Wholesale Price Index concentrates on the price of goods traded between corporations, instead of goods purchased by consumers, which is measured by the Consumer Price Index. The purpose of the WPI is to monitor price movements that reflect supply and demand in industry, manufacturing and construction. This helps in assessing both microeconomic and macroeconomic conditions. The wholesale price index (WPI) is based on the wholesale price of a few relevant commodities of over 240 commodities available. The commodities chosen for the calculation are based on their importance in the region and the point of time the WPI is employed.
- In India, the Consumer Price Index (CPI) has been adopted to measure inflation instead of the Wholesale Price Index (WPI). The new series of Wholesale Price Index(WPI) with base 2011-12 is effective from April 2017 in India.