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Indore, Jamshedpur are the cleanest on Swachh 2020 table


Paper: GS 2

Subject: Governance

Topic: Government policies and interventions aimed at development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.


Indore ranked first in the Quarter 1 and Quarter 2 results of Swachh Survekshan League 2020 (SS League 2020) among the cities where population is more than 10 lakh.

The second and third spot was taken by Bhopal and Surat in Q1 while Rajkot and Navi Mumbai came at number two and three respectively in Q2 in the same population category.

In the 1-10 lakh population category, Jamshedpur was ranked 1 in both the quarters. NDMC and Madhya Pradesh’s Khargone were ranked 2 and 3 respectively in Q1 . In the Quarter 2, Chandrapur (Maharashtra) and Khargone stood at second and third spot.

Among the Cantonment Boards, Tamil Nadu’s St.Thomas Mount Cantt was ranked 1 in Q1 followed by Jhansi Cantt and Delhi Cantt. On the other hand, in Q2, Delhi Cantt spotted the first spot while Jhansi cantt and Jalandhar Cantt stood at second and third spot.


       Security beefed up ahead of Bhima Koregaon anniversary


Paper: GS 1

Subject: Indian History

Topic: Different stages and important contributors and contributions from various parts of the country in ‘The Freedom Struggle’.


About the Bhima- Koregaon battle:


A battle was fought in Bhima Koregaon, a district in Pune with a strong historical Dalit connection, between the Peshwa forces and the British on January 1, 1818. The British army, which comprised mainly of Dalit soldiers, fought the upper caste-dominated Peshwa army. The British troops defeated the Peshwa army.


Outcomes of the battle:


  • The victory was seen as a win against caste-based discrimination and oppression. Peshwas were notorious for their oppression and persecution of Mahar dalits. The victory in the battle over Peshwas gave dalits a moral victory a victory against caste-based discrimination and oppression and sense of identity.
  • However, the divide and rule policy of the British created multiple fissures in Indian society which is even visible today in the way of excessive caste and religious discrimination which needs to be checked keeping in mind the tenets of the Constitution.


Why Bhima Koregaon is seen as a Dalit symbol?


  • The battle has come to be seen as a symbol of Dalit pride because a large number of soldiers in the Company force were the Mahar Dalits. Since the Peshwas, who were Brahmins, were seen as oppressors of Dalits, the victory of the Mahar soldiers over the the Peshwa force is seen as Dalit assertion.
  • On 1 January 1927, B.R. Ambedkar visited the memorial obelisk erected on the spot which bears the names of the dead including nearly two dozen Mahar soldiers. The men who fought in the battle of Koregaon were the Mahars, and the Mahars are Untouchables.


            Current account deficit narrows to 0.9% of GDP


Paper: GS 3

Subject: Indian Economy

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilisation of resources, growth, development and employment.


  • The current account measures the flow of goods, services, and investmentsinto and out of the country. It represents a country’s foreign transactions and, like the capital account, is a component of a country’s Balance of Payments (BOP).
  • There is a deficit in Current Account if the value of the goods and services imported exceeds the value of those exported.
  • A nation’s current account maintains a record of the country’s transactions with other nations, that includes net income, including interest and dividends, and transfers, like foreign aid. It comprises of following components:
    • Trade of goods,
    • Services, and
    • Net earnings on overseas investments and net transfer of payments over a period of time, such as
  • It is measured as a percentage of GDP. The formulae for calculating CAD is:
    • Current Account = Trade gap + Net current transfers + Net income abroad
      • Trade gap = Exports – Imports
    • A country with rising CAD shows that it has become uncompetitive, and investors may not be willing to invest there.
    • In India, the Current Account Deficit could be reduced by boosting exportsand curbing non-essential imports such as gold, mobiles, and electronics.
    • Current Account Deficitand Fiscal Deficit (also known as “budget deficit” is a situation when a nation’s expenditure exceeds its revenues) are together known as twin deficits and both often reinforce each other, i.e., a high fiscal deficit leads to higher CAD and vice versa.