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Railways ‘RailWire’ Wi-Fi goes Live in 5500 Railway Stations



Paper: GS 3

Paper: Indian Economy

Topic: Infrastructural Growth in India


  • Railways has successfully completed the work of providing free public Wi-Fi at 5500 stations across the country. Mahua Milan Railway Station of East Central Railway zone, became the 5500th station in the country to have free public Wi-Fi. This is a unique initiative as this Wi-Fi network is one of the largest Wi-Fi networks of the world.
  • To transform the Railway stations into the hub of Digital inclusion, Indian Railways mandated RailTel, a Mini Ratna PSU under Ministry of Railways, to provide free high-speed Wi-Fi at the Railway stations. The journey started in January 2016 from the financial capital of India – Mumbai Central station and in a span of 46 months Railways has successfully provided Wi-Fi at 5500 stations across the country. The mission is to provide Wi-Fi at all Railway stations (except the halt ones)
  • Along the journey, RailTel has roped in partners like Google, Tata Trust, PGCIL for some parts of the project and also got funding from Department of Telecom USOF for 200 stations. The Wi-Fi is being provided under the brand name of Rail Wire.


Prime Minister Van Dhan Yojana 


Paper: GS 2

Paper: Polity and Governance

Topic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and the States and the performance of these schemes


Van Dhan Scheme was launched by the Prime Minister of India Shri Narendra Modi 14th April, 2018. The main objective behind this scheme is to help increase tribal income through Value Addition. Putting stress on the important role of value addition in escalating tribal incomes, PM stated that Van Dhan, Jan Dhan and Gobar-Dhan Schemes have the potential to change the tribal-rural economic system. This is an initiative of the Ministry of Tribal Affairs and TRIFED.


The Van Dhan Vikas Kendra will be established for providing capacity building training and skill upgradation and value addition facility and setting up of primary processing. The Van Dhan Vikas Kendras will be a significant milestone in financial development of tribals involved in the collection of MFPs by helping them in the best use of natural resources and provide sustainable MFP-based living in MFP-rich districts.


The implementation of Van Dhan Scheme will be done through the Ministry of Tribal Affairs as Nodal Department at the Central Level and TRIFED as Nodal Agency at the National Level. At State level, the State Nodal Agency for MFPs and the District collectors are anticipated to play a pivotal role in the execution of the scheme at grassroot level. Locally the Kendras are proposed to be managed by a Managing Committee (an SHG) which consists of representatives of Van Dhan SHGs in the group.



Green Express Ways


Paper: GS 3

Paper: Indian Economy

Topic: Infrastructure – Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.


The Government of India approved Bharatmala Pariyojana Phase-I in October, 2017 with an aggregate length of about 34,800 km (including 10,000 km residual NHDP stretches) at an estimated outlay of Rs. 5,35,000.00 crores which also included about 800 km length of expressways.

Development of road stretches is taken up post finalisation of alignment (greenfield/ or brownfield), cost estimates, land acquisition requirement etc. based on outcome of Detailed Project Report (DPR)/ Feasibility Study with due consideration to traffic density, up-gradation requirements, Right of Way (ROW) determination, project viability, inter-se-priority and availability of funds. Bharatmala Pariyojana Phase-I is targeted for completion in 2021-22.