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President of India Pays Homage to Dr Rajendra Prasad on his Birth Anniversary


Paper: GS 1


Topic: Different stages and important contributors and contributions from various parts of the country in ‘The Freedom Struggle’.
Role in the Nationalist Movement

1.    Dr. Prasad entered the political arena in a quiet, light-footed manner. He attended as a volunteer in the 1906 Calcutta session of the Indian National Congress and formally joined the party in 1911. He was subsequently elected to the AICC.
2.    Dr. Prasad was mightily impressed by Gandhi’s demeanour, dedication and philosophy. Gandhi undertook the ‘Champaran Satyagraha’ and Dr. Prasad offered his whole-hearted support to the cause.
3.    In 1920, when Gandhi announced the commencement of the Non-cooperation movement, Dr. Prasad gave up his lucrative law practice and dedicated himself to the cause of freedom.
4.    He led the programs of non-cooperation in Bihar. He toured the state, holding public meetings and making heartfelt speeches for the support of movement.
5.    He undertook collection of funds to enable the continuation of the movement. He urged people to boycott Government schools, colleges and offices.
6.    He started the National College in Patna in 1921. He upheld the ideas of Swadeshi, asking people to boycott foreign goods, peruse the spinning wheel and wear only khadi garments.


Paper: GS 2


Topic:  Powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
  • The Election Commission of India has reviewed the system and process of registration of political parties. The new guidelines will be effective from 1st January,2020.  Accordingly the “Political Parties Registration Tracking Management System” (PPRTMS) will be implemented through an online portal, to facilitate tracking of status of application by applicants.
  • The applicant (who is applying for party registration from 1st January, 2020 onwards) will be able to track the progress of his / her application and will get status update through SMS and email.
  • The applicant is required to provide contact mobile number and email address of the party / applicant in his application if he/she wishes to track the progress of the application.
  • The Registration of Political Parties is governed by the provisions of section 29A of the Representation of the People Act, 1951


e-NAM mandis



Paper: GS 3


Topic:  e-technology in the aid of farmers


The National Agriculture Market (NAM) is a pan-India electronic trading portal, which links the existing Agricultural Produce Market Committee (APMC) mandis across the country to form a unified national market for agricultural commodities.

The NAM portal is a single window service for any information and services related to APMC that includes:

  • Commodity arrivals and prices
  • Buy and sell trade offers
  • Provision to respond to trade offers, among other services
  • The NAM reduces the transaction costs and information irregularity even when the agriculture produce continues to flow through the mandis.
  • The states can administer agriculture marketing as per their agri-marketing regulations, under which, the State is divided into various market areas and each market area is administered by a separate APMC which will impose its own marketing regulation that include fees.
 Challenges addressed by NAM


NAM addresses these challenges by-


  • Creating a unified market through online trading platform across the country (at state and national level).
  • Promoting uniformity.
  • Rationalizing procedures across the unified markets.
  • Eliminating information irregularity between the buyers and sellers and promoting real time price finding on the basis of actual demand and supply.
  • Promotes transparency in auction process.
  • Providing an accessible nationwide market for the farmer with equal prices for the quality of his produce.
  • Availability better quality produces at more reasonable prices and online payment to the consumer.


                             Mahila Kisan Sashaktikaran Pariyojana (MKSP)



Paper: GS 3


Topic:  Agriculture


Context: In line with the provisions of National Policy for Farmers (NPF) (2007), the Department of Rural Development, Ministry of Rural Development is implementing a programme exclusively for women farmers namely, Mahila Kisan Sashaktikaran Pariyojana (MKSP).

Funding support to the tune of up to 60% (90% for North Eastern States) for such projects is provided by the Government of India.

  • The “Mahila Kisan Sashaktikaran Pariyojana” (MKSP), a sub component of the Deendayal Antodaya Yojana-NRLM (DAY-NRLM) seeks to improve the present status of women in Agriculture, and to enhance the opportunities available to empower her.
  • MKSP recognizes the identity of “Mahila” as “Kisan” and strives to build the capacity of women in the domain of agro-ecologically sustainable practices.
  • It has a clear vision to reach out to the poorest of poor households and expand the portfolio of activities currently handled by the Mahila Kisan.
  • The focus of MKSP is on capacitating smallholders to adopt sustainable climate resilient agro-ecology and eventually create a pool of skilled community professionals. Its objective is to strengthen smallholder agriculture through promotion of sustainable agriculture practices such as Community Managed Sustainable Agriculture (CMSA), Non Pesticide Management (NPM), Zero Budget Natural Farming (ZBNF), Pashu-Sakhi model for doorstep animal care services, Sustainable regeneration and harvesting of Non-Timber Forest Produce.


Need for feminization of agriculture:


Rural women form the most productive work force in the economy of majority of the developing nations including India. More than 80% of rural women are engaged in agriculture activities for their livelihoods. About 20 per cent of farm livelihoods are female headed due to widowhood, desertion, or male emigration. Agriculture support system in India strengthens the exclusion of women from their entitlements as agriculture workers and cultivators. Most of the women-headed households are not able to access extension services, farmers support institutions and production assets like seed, water, credit, subsidy etc. As agricultural workers, women are paid lower wage than men.


Emergency Response Support System (ERSS-Dial 112) is operational in 27 States/UTs


Paper: GS 3


Topic:  Security


Emergency Response Support System (ERSS) seeks to enable a Pan-India, single, internationally recognized number i.e. 112 based emergency response  mechanism  for  various  emergencies with computer aided dispatch of  field resources to a person in distress.  This service can be accessed through call, SMS, email and the 112 India Mobile app, which includes SHOUT facility for added safety to women and children. ERSS has been made operational in 27 States/UTs.