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India Among top 10 Improvers in EODB; India Ranks 63 RD Among 190 Countries


Paper: GS 3

Subject: Indian Economy

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilisation of resources, growth, development and employment.


  • India was placed at 63rdposition this time (2019) out of 190 countries marking an improvement of 14 places from its 77th position in 2018.
    • India’s score improvedfrom 23 in the previous year to 71.0 this year.
    • India for the third consecutive year was present in the list of 10 economies where the business climate has improved the most.
  • The essential features of India’s performance this year are:
    • India’s ranking improved basically on four parameters:
      • Starting a Business-India made starting a business easier by fully integrating multiple application forms into a general incorporation form,
      • Dealing with Construction Permits-For example, building a warehouse cost around 4% of the warehouse value as compared to 5.7% in the previous year,
      • Trading across Borders– with a single electronic platform-improved electronic submission methods for documents and upgrades to port infrastructure, import and export process became easier, and
      • Resolving Insolvency-Recovery rate under resolving insolvency has improved significantly from 26.5% to 71.6%. Also, the time taken for resolving insolvency has also come down significantly from 4.3 years to 1.6 years.
    • India continues to maintain its first positionamong South Asian countries. It was 6th (in 2014).
    • The World Bank will now include Kolkata and Bengaluru, besides Delhi and Mumbai, for preparing ease of doing business report, in order to provide a holistic picture of the business environment of the country.


Indo-Nepal Joint Military Exercise Surya Kiran – XIV


Paper: GS 2

Subject: International Relations

Topic: India and its neighborhood – International relations


  • Exercise SURYA KIRAN-XIV, a joint military training exercise between India and Nepal culminated today at Nepal Army Battle School (NABS), Salijhandi, Rupendehi district of Nepal, wherein the troops of both the Armies participated in 14 days long joint training based on counter insurgency operations in jungle and mountainous terrain and also practised response mechanism in the eventualities of natural and man made disasters.
  • As part of the exercise, important lectures, demonstrations and drills related to counter insurgency, counter terrorism operations and humanitarian assistance and disaster relief response mechanism were rehearsed and executed jointly. The training culminated with a 72 hours outdoor exercise in which troops of both contingents carried out drills of counter insurgency operations

National Testing agency(NTA)


Paper: GS 2

Subject: Governance

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources


National Testing Agency (NTA) as an autonomous and self-sustained premier testing organization toconduct entrance examinations for Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) in the country.


  • NTA will be chaired by an eminent educationist appointed by MHRD.
  • The CEO will be the Director General to be appointed by the Government.
  • There will be a Board of Governors comprising members from user institutions.
  • The Director General will be assisted by 9 verticals headed by academicians/ experts.



NTA will be given a one-time grant of Rs.25 crore from the Government of India to start its operation in the first year. Thereafter, it will be financially self-sustainable.