For online IAS classes

For online IAS classes, Click Here, Click here.

Rashtriya Gokul Mission


Paper: GS 3
Subject: Indian Economy
Topic: Economics of animal rearing.


Aim is conservation and development of indigenous breeds in a focused and scientific manner.




  • It is a project under National Programme for Bovine Breeding and Dairy Development.
  • The objectives of this mission includes Conservation of indigenous breeds and their development to improve their genetic makeup, enhancing the milk productivity and distribution of disease free high genetic merit bulls for natural service.
  • Rashtriya Gokul Mission is being implemented through “State Implementing Agencies (SIA) viz Livestock Development Boards.
  • Scheme is implemented on 100% grant-in-aid basis and throughout the country.
  • It includes:
    • Establishment of Integrated Indigenous cattle centres “Gokul Gram”.
    • Establishment of Breeder’s societies “Gopalan Sangh”.
    • Award to Farmers “Gopal Ratna” and Breeders’ societies “Kamadhenu”.
    • Assistance to institution which are repositories of best germplasm.


PM Kisan Yojana


Paper: GS 3
Subject: Indian Economy
Topic: Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices

Context: To provide an assured income support to the small and marginal farmers, the Government has unveiled the Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM-KISAN).

About Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi:


  1. Under this programme, vulnerable landholding farmer families, having cultivable land upto 2 hectares, will be provided direct income support at the rate of Rs. 6,000 per year.
  2. This income support will be transferred directly into the bank accounts of beneficiary farmers, in three equal installments of Rs. 2,000 each.
  3. The complete expenditure of Rs 75000 crore for the scheme will borne by the Union Government in 2019-20.




Around 12 crore small and marginal farmer families are expected to benefit from this. It would not only provide assured supplemental income to the most vulnerable farmer families, but would also meet their emergent needs especially before the harvest season. It would pave the way for the farmers to earn and live a respectable living.

Benefits of direct cash transfers:


  • It has immediate impact on reducing hunger and rural poverty.
  • They can help households to overcome credit constraints and manage risk. This can increase productive investment, increase access to markets and stimulate local economies.
  • Income support can be used to make a repayment or at least activate a bank account which can then receive a loan.
  • It can increase investment in agricultural inputs, including farm implements and livestock.
  • It can serve as an important complement to a broader rural development agenda, including a pro-poor growth strategy focusing on agriculture.



Promotion of Electric Vehicles


Paper: GS 3
Subject: Indian Economy
Topic: Indigestion of technology and developing new technology


  • In order to promote adoption of electric vehicles, Department of Heavy Industry formulated a scheme namely FAME-India Scheme [Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (Hybrid &) Electric Vehicles in India] in 2015 for the initial period of 2 years starting w.e.f. 01stApril, 2015 (Phase-I).
  • Under new GST regime, GST on EVS is reduced from existing 12% rate to 5% as against the 28% GST rate with cess up to 22% for conventional vehicles.
  • Ministry of Power has allowed sale of electricity as ‘service’ for charging of electric vehicles. This will provide a huge incentive to attract investments into charging infrastructure.
  • The government has also granted exemption to the battery operated transport vehicles and transport vehicles running on ethanol and methanol fuels from the requirements of permit.
  • The Government, has proposed exemption of registration fees for battery operated/electric vehicles to promote the use of eco-friendly vehicles in the country.
  • In the budget of 2019-20, the Finance Minister announced for providing additional income tax deduction of Rs 1.5 lakh on the interest paid on loans taken to purchase electric vehicles.



Rashtriya Vayoshri Yojana


Paper: GS 2
Subject: Polity and Governance
Topic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and the States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.


The Scheme aims at providing Senior Citizens, belonging to BPL category and suffering from any of the age related disability/infirmity Low vision, Hearing impairment, Loss of teeth and Locomotor disability, with such assisted-living devices which can restore near normalcy in their bodily functions, overcoming the disability/infirmity manifested.

  1. This is a Central Sector Scheme, fully funded by the Central Government. The expenditure for implementation of the scheme will be met from the “Senior Citizens’ Welfare Fund“.
  2. Under the scheme, free of cost distribution of the devices, commensurate with the extent of disability/infirmity that is manifested among the eligible senior citizens will take place.
  3. In case of multiple disabilities/infirmities manifested in the same person, the assistive devices will be given in respect of each disability/impairment.
  4. Beneficiaries in each district will be identified by the State Governments/UT Administrations through a Committee chaired by the Deputy Commissioner/District Collector.
  5. As far as possible, 30% of the beneficiaries in each district shall be women.


Way ahead:


With more than 70% of the 104 million elderly living in the rural hinterland, any serious initiative to improve the lot of senior citizens must incorporate adequate budgetary support for social welfare spending on the relevant programmes.

With the number of the elderly in India set to surge by 2050 to almost 300 million, or about a fifth of the population, governments need to make more comprehensive efforts to address the problems of elderly.