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National Essential Diagnostics List

Paper: General Studies 2

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

Why in the news?

  • India has got its first National Essential Diagnostics List (NEDL) finalised by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) which aims to bridge the current regulatory system’s gap that do not cover all the medical devices and in-vitro diagnostic device (IVD).
  • The current system is equipped to manage only the few notified devices.
  • With this, India has become the first country to compile such a list that would provide guidance to the government for deciding the kind of diagnostic tests that different healthcare facilities in villages and remote areas require.
  • The list is meant for facilities from village till the district level
  • Diagnostics serve a key role in improving health and quality of life and the ICMR has noted that the key challenges anticipated during implementation of the National EDL include adoption by States and harmonisation with local standard diagnostic protocols and treatment guidelines, provision of requisite infrastructure, processes and human resources, ensuring quality of tests including EQAS and quality control and adequate utilisation of EDL tests for making informed decisions for treatment protocols.

 

Know India Programme

Paper: General Studies 2

Topic: Indian diaspora

Why in the news?

A group of Indian Origin youth visiting India under ‘Know India Programme’ (KIP) called on the Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region (DoNER), MoS PMO, Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions, Atomic Energy and Space

About the Know India Programme

Know India Programme (KIP) is a flagship initiative for Diaspora engagement which familiarizes Indian-origin youth (18-30 years) with their Indian roots and contemporary India, through a three-week orientation programme organised by the Ministry of External Affairs. 

In 2016, the scheme was revamped to increase duration from 21 to 25 days, with a 10-day visit to one or two States and preference given to PIOs from Girmitiya countries. Since 2016, six KIPs are being organised in a year. For the first time, four KIP groups (37-40th edition) participated in the Youth Pravasi Bharatiya Divas and the 14th Pravasi Bharatiya Divas Convention from 7 to 9 January 2017 in Bengaluru.

The contents of the programme include:

  • Presentations on the country, political process, developments in various sectors.
  • Interaction with faculty and students at a prestigious University/College/Institute
  • Presentation on the industrial development and visits to some Industries
  • Visit to a village to better understand the typical village life
  • Visit to Agra
  • Visit to one or two focus states in India
  • Interaction with NGOs and organizations dealing with women affairs
  • Visit to places of historical importance/Monuments
  • Taking part in Cultural programmes
  • Exposure to yoga
  • Call on high dignitaries, which may include Vice President of India, President House, Parliament, Union Ministers, Governor and Chief Ministers of partner states. Etc

 

GI Tag

Paper: General Studies 3

Topic: issues relating to intellectual property rights

Why in the news?

The Geographical Indication (GI) under the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade hasrecenly registered 4 new GIs. PalaniPanchamirtham from Palani Town in Dindigul District of Tamil Nadu State, Tawlhlohpuan and Mizo Puancheifrom the state of Mizoram and Tirur Betel leaf from Kerala are the latest additions to the list of registered GIs.

 

About these products

  • PalaniPanchamirtham, an abishega Prasadam, from Palani Town is one of the main offerings in the Abisegam of Lord Dhandayuthapani Swamy, the presiding deity of ArulmiguDhandayuthapaniswamy Temple, situated in palani Hills, Palani Town in Dindigul District of Tamil Nadu. It is a combination of five natural substances, namely, banana, jaggery sugar, cow ghee, honey and cardamom in a definite proportion. It is prepared in a natural method without addition of any preservatives or artificial ingredients and is well known for its religious fervour and gaiety. This is the first time a temple ‘prasadam’ from Tamil Nadu has been bestowed with the GI tag.
  • Tawlhlohpuan, a medium to heavy, compactly woven, good quality fabric from Mizoram is known for warp yarns, warping, weaving & intricate designs that are made by hand. Tawlhloh, in Mizo language, means ‘to stand firm or not to move backward’. Tawlhlohpuan, which holds high significance in the Mizo society, is produced throughout the state of Mizoram, Aizawl and Thenzawl town being the main centre of production.
  • Mizo Puanchei, a colourful Mizo shawl/textile, from Mizoram, is considered as the most colourful among the Mizo textiles. It is an essential possession for every Mizo lady and an important marriage outfit in the state. It is also the most commonly used costume in Mizo festive dances and official ceremonies. The weavers insert the designs and motifs by using supplementary yarns while weaving to create this beautiful and alluring textile.
  • Tirur betel vine from Kerala, which is mainly cultivated in Tirur, Tanur, Tirurangadi, Kuttippuram, Malappuram and Vengara block panchayaths of Malappuram District, is valued both for its mild stimulant action and medicinal properties. Even though it is commonly used for making pan masala for chewing, it has many medicinal, industrial and cultural usagesand is considered as a remedy for bad breath and digestive disorders.

What is GI Tag?

GI is an indication used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin. Such a name conveys an assurance of quality and distinctiveness which is essentially attributable to its origin in that defined geographical locality.

 

No First Use Policy

Paper: General Studies 3

Topic: Security challenges

Why in the news?

The Home Minister has said that the future of India’s ‘No First Use (NFU)’ policy depends on the circumstances.

What is No First Use Policy?

  • No first use (NFU) refers to a pledge or a policy by a nuclear power not to use nuclear weapons as a means of warfare unless first attacked by an adversary using nuclear weapons. Thus, in case of war, the nuclear power with NFU policy will not use nuclear weapons first but will only use them when such weapons are used against them by their adversaries.
  • Countries in the NATO, Russia and Pakistan do not have a No First Use Policy. Only India and China have a NFU policy.

What is the utility of having a NFU policy?

  • It shows how India is a responsible nuclear nation that recognizes the perils of using nuclear weapons in the case of war.
  • It also strengthens the fact that India sees its nuclear arsenal as a deterrent from adventurous and malicious neighbours and not as a means to subdue them into submission.

Prelims Specific

  • Jabro Dance – a nomadic dance and song of people inhabiting eastern Ladakh and Spawo dance, a heroic song and dance associated with a legendary hero of Himalayan region called K’sar are two of the dances of Ladakh to be performed during the inauguration of the Aadi Mahotsav in Ladakh.