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India among countries where women face most violence by partner : WHO

Paper : General Studies 2

Why in news?

  • Based on global estimates published by the World Health Organization intimate partner violence is the highest at 37.7% in the WHO South-East Asia region.
  • Worldwide as many as 38% of murders of women are committed by a male intimate partner.
  • As per figures released by WHO, the violence ranges from 23.2% in high-income countries and 24.6% in the WHO Western Pacific region to 37% in the WHO Eastern Mediterranean region.
  • Global estimates also indicate that about 1 in 3 (35%) women worldwide have experienced either physical and/or sexual intimate partner violence or non-partner sexual violence in their lifetime.

 

What are the ramifications of the findings?

  • Healthcare professionals cautioned that violence can negatively affect a woman’s physical, mental, sexual, and reproductive health, and may increase the risk of acquiring HIV in some settings.
  • Men are more likely to perpetrate violence if they have low education, a history of child maltreatment, exposure to domestic violence against their mothers, harmful use of alcohol, unequal gender norms, including attitudes accepting of violence, and a sense of entitlement over women.
  • Women are more likely to experience intimate partner violence if they have low education, exposure to mothers being abused by a partner, abuse during childhood, and attitudes accepting violence, male privilege and women’s subordinate status.
  • Intimate partner violence causes serious short-and long-term problems for women and adversely affect their children besides leading to high social and economic costs for women, their families and societies

 

 

Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC)

Paper : General Studies 2

Why in news?

Leaders of BIMSTEC nations along with heads of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization nations are invited for the Prime Minister’s swearing-in. This is in line keeping the neighbourhood-first policy of the Government in mind.

 

What is the BIMSTEC?

  • It stands for Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation
  • It is is an international organisation of seven nations of South Asia and South-East Asia, housing 1.5 billion people and having a combined gross domestic product of $3.5 trillion (2018)
  • Its member states are India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Thailand, Myanmar and Sri Lanka
  • The permanent secretariat is located at Dhaka
  • Fourteen priority sectors of cooperation have been identified and several BIMSTEC centres have been established to focus on those sectors. A BIMSTEC free trade agreement (FTA) is also under negotiation

 

What are the benefits for India from this regional grouping?

  • It allows India to focus on regional development on a platform that is alternative to the SAARC where negotiations are usually held up by India-Pakistan issues.
  • The organization is an important link between India and SE Asia and thus provides a path for its Act East Policy.
  • It can also serve to synergize the development of the North-East region in India specially in terms of physical and social infrastructure.
  • BIMSTEC provides another avenue to boost regional trade via coastal shipping agreements and the FTA under negotiation.

 

 

Centuries-old Palace of Guru Nanak demolished in Pakistan

Paper : Prelims Specific

Why in news?

A 400 year old Palace of Baba Guru Nanak in a village of Narowal city about 100 km from Lahore was vandalised and partially demolished by vandals. Its gates, doors and precious windows were sold. It is also known as Mahalan

Its construction comprised old bricks, sand, clay and limestone. The rooms were constructed with large broad walls with cupboards in them that had wooden doors with flowers carved on them.

 

Ministry of Commerce releases draft of export policy

Paper : General Studies 3

Why in news?

The commerce ministry has come out with a comprehensive draft export policy which includes product specific rules to assist exporters.

 

What are the key features of the draft export policy?

  • It is a comprehensive exports policy for all ITC (HS) tariff codes (including items which are ‘free’ for export and do not currently exist in the policy), covering conditions/restrictions imposed by partner government agencies on exports
  • The draft policy aims at consolidating the export norms for each product as applicable at different government agencies.
  • The compendium will help an exporter know all the applicable norms pertaining to a particular product, helping him/her understand policy conditions for that item.
  • This exercise is for consolidating the norms and not for making any changes in the existing export policy of the country.
  • It also includes non-tariff regulations imposed by different government agencies.

 

What are ITC-HS codes?

ITC-HS Codes are Indian Trade  Clarification based on Harmonized System of Coding. It was adopted by India for import-export operations. Every product has been accorded eight digit HS codes.

 

For more on the Export Policy, keep following the updates here