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Exit Polls

Paper : General Studies 2

Why in news?

The exit poll analysis and results were announced after conclusion of the final phase of voting in the Lok Sabha elections. The results of the election are due on May 23.

What is an exit poll?

  • An exit poll is conducted immediately after people have voted, and assesses the support for political parties and their candidates. Thus, it is a post-poll barometer of the sentiments of the voters.
  • As per guidelines of Election Commission of India (ECI), Exit poll results cannot be published till the last round of elections is over.
  • This measure has been added so that it does not influence the process of voting in the subsequent phases of the election.

Why is there an opposition to their regulation?

  • Regulating these polls is seen as a curb on the fundamental right of freedom of speech and expression.
  • Another criticism is that the voters have the right to know what other people’s views are on critical electoral issues so that they can form an informed opinion before casting their votes.

 

Rohingya Refugees

Paper : General Studies 2

 

What is the Rohingya crisis?

  • Rohingya are a muslim-majority group of people that are found in the Rakhine State of Myanmar.
  • They are considered stateless as Myanmar law does not recognize the ethnic minority as one of the eight “national indigenous races.
  • They are also restricted from freedom of movement, state education and civil service jobs.
  • In recent years, they have faced increased persecution from the State, following which several lakhs have fled Rakhine into neighbouring Bangladesh creating a refugee crisis.
  • In Bangladesh, Rohingya refugee camps are reaching full capacity, especially the camps at Cox’s Bazaar.
  • In January 2016, the government of Bangladesh initiated a plan to relocate tens of thousands of Rohingya refugees, who had fled to the country following persecution in Myanmar.The refugees are to be relocated to the island of Thengar Char which is an island without any facilities and is prone to flooding during monsoons
  • In August 2016 UN established a nine-person commission led by former UN Secretary – general Kofi Annan to discuss the options to propose a solution. The committee submitted its final report to the Myanmar Government on August 23, 2017. The committee’s final report included recommendations to reduce communal tension and support much-needed development efforts in the impoverished state.

What has been India’s response to the Rohingya refugee crisis?

  • Currently, nearly 40,000 Rohingya refugees have entered India.
  • They are being seen as a threat -both economically and security-wise. India had refused to acknowledge the identity cards issued to some 16,500 Rohingya refugees by the UNHCR and expressed its desire to deport the Rohingyas.
  • India has stated that this does not violate the principle of refoulement according to international law – sending back refugees to a place where they face danger.
  • The Government of India has called for their repatriation to Myanmar and discussions to end the Rohingya crisis. Since India is not a signatory to the United Nations Convention on Refugees, refugee status granted by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) to the Rohingya was irrelevant to their deportation.
  • According to the Government of India, there are no refugee camps established for either Bangladeshis or Rohingyas in India and there were only schemes of assistance for Tibetan and Sri Lankan refugees.
  • In response to the humanitarian crisis being faced on account of the large influx of refugees into Bangladesh, Government of India is extending assistance to Bangladesh in the name of Operation Insaniyat

 

Rebuilding Odisha after Cyclone Fani

Paper : General Studies 3

Why in news?

  • Odisha has chalked out a Rs 200 crore plan to restore the green cover lost due to Cyclone Fani in the coastal region
  • The government would undertake afforestation on 8,000 hectares of land over a five year period.
  • Different varieties of cyclone resistant trees such as Neem, Karanja, Baula, Jamu, Korila, Chatian, Khaira, Arjun, Mahyoni, Ashok, Harida, Bahada, Shisu, Katha, Champa and Dimiri will be planted.
  • Odisha has suffered Rs. 11, 492 crore due to the Cyclone.
  • The districts affected by Fani are: Puri, Khurda, Cuttack, Mayurbhanj, Keonjhar, Balasore, Bhadrak, Jajpur, Angul, Dhenkanal, Nayagarh, Ganjam, Kendrapara and Jagatsinghpur.

 

SIMBEX 19

Paper : Prelims Specific

SIMBEX is the annual Singapore India Maritime Bilateral Exercise. It is being held in Singapore