fbpx
To Study Daily Current Affairs, Click here. To Download Budget Highlights. Click here.

‘Eat Right India’ Movement

Paper: General Studies 2

Topic: Issues relating to poverty and hunger

Why in the news?

Minister of Health and Family Welfare launched the ‘Food Safety Mitra (FSM)’ scheme, along with the ‘Eat Right Jacket’, and ‘Eat Right Jhola’ to strengthen food safety administration and scale up the ‘Eat Right India’ movement.

What is Food Safety Mitra?

  • The ‘Food Safety Mitra (FSM)’ scheme will support small and medium scale food businesses to comply with the food safety laws and facilitate licensing and registration, hygiene ratings and training. Apart from strengthening food safety, this scheme would also create new employment opportunities for youth, particularly with food and nutrition background. The FSMs would undergo training and certification by FSSAI to do their work and get paid by food businesses for their services. The first batch of 15 FSMs were awarded certificates today (Details of the scheme are available at https://fssai.gov.in/mitra/).

What is the Eat Right Jacket?

  • The ‘Eat Right Jacket’ launched today will be used by the field staff. This jacket has a smart design to hold tech devices like tablets/smart phone, a QR code and RFID tag for identification and tracking. Apart from providing safety to field staff on duty, this would bring in efficiency, professionalism and transparency in food safety administration and bring in a sense of ownership & visibility of FSOs.  

What is the Eat Right Jhola?

  • The ‘Eat Right Jhola’, a reusable cloth bag shall replace plastic bags for grocery shopping in various retail chains. Since on repeated use, bags are often contaminated with microorganisms and bacteria, proper and regular washing of cloth bags is essential to ensure safety and hygiene. These cloth bags are being provided on rental basis through a private textile rental service company.

 

Global Hunger Index 2019

Paper: General Studies 2

Topic: Issues relating to poverty and hunger

Why in the news?

  • India is ranked 102 of 117 countries in the Global Hunger Index 2019, behind its neighbours Nepal, Pakistan and Bangladesh. 
  • Its GHI score has also decelerated — from 38.9 in 2005 to 32 in 2010 and then from 32 to 30.3 between 2010 and 2019.

About the Global Hunger Index:

  • The GHI score is calculated on four indicators — undernourishment; child wasting, the share of children under the age of five who are wasted (that is, who have low weight for their height, reflecting acute undernutrition); child stunting, children under the age of five who have low height for their age, reflecting chronic undernutrition; and child mortality, the mortality rate of children under the age of five.
  • The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) calculates GHI scores each year to assess progress, or the lack thereof, in combating hunger.
  • The share of wasting among children in India rose from 16.5% in the 2008-2012 period to 20.8% in 2014-2018, according to the report.
  • However, India has shown improvement in other indicators such as the under-5 mortality rate, prevalence of stunting among children and prevalence of undernourishment due to inadequate food, the report said.
  • The report also mentions the central government’s Swachh Bharat programme, saying open defecation is still being practised.

Van Dhan Internship Programme

Paper: General Studies 2

Topic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes

Why in the news?

Union Minister of Tribal Affairs launched the “Van Dhan Internship Programme” organised by TRIFED under Ministry of Tribal Affairs.

What is the Van Dhan Internship Programme?

  • 18 interns (to be called Minister’s interns) from some of the reputed Institutes of Rural Management/ Management Institutions/ Institutes of Social Work/ Social Services of the country are  participating in the “Van Dhan Internship Programme”. These interns have been selected to go and work on Van Dhan programme in the field. These interns have an inclination towards involving in matters related to tribal livelihood.
  • These interns will work with the team of TRIFED in various states and districts in tribal areas in the development of tribal welfare and inclusive growth (a dissertation has to be submitted on conclusion of the internship). 
  • They will support the TRIFED activities on livelihood promotion, value addition of NTFTs, marketing and credit linkages. They will develop tools and techniques on institutional development including mechanism for determination of a just price or producer price of Minor Forest Products. 

 

Livestock Census

Paper: General Studies 3

Topic: economics of animal-rearing

Why in the news?

  • Department of Animal Husbandry & Dairying, Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying has released the 20th Livestock Census report
  • The major thrust given to 20th Livestock Census is the collection of data through tablets computers. The 20th livestock census is indeed a unique attempt as for the first time such a major initiative has been take to digitise household level data through online transmission from the field.  National Informatics Centre (NIC) has developed a mobile Application software and was used for data collection as well as online transmission of data from the field to the NIC server.

What are the key findings of the census?

  • The total Livestock population is 535.78 million in the country showing an increase of 4.6% over Livestock Census-2012
  • Total Bovine population (Cattle, Buffalo, Mithun and Yak) is 302.79 Million in 2019 which shows an increase of about 1% over the previous census.
  • The total number of cattle in the country in 2019 is 192.49 million showing an increase of 0.8 % over the previous Census.
  • The Female Cattle (Cows population) is 145.12 million, increased by 18.0% over the previous census (2012).
  • The Exotic/Crossbred and Indigenous/Non-descript Cattle population in the country is 50.42 million and 142.11 million respectively. 
  • The Indigenous/Non-descript female cattle population has increased by 10% in 2019 as compared to previous census.
  • The population of the total Exotic/Crossbred Cattle has increased by 26.9 % in 2019 as compared to previous census.
  • There is a decline of 6 % in the total Indigenous/ Non-descript cattle population over the previous census. However, the pace of decline of Indigenous/ Non-descript cattle population during 2012-2019 is much lesser than as compared to the 2007-12 which was about 9%.
  • The total buffaloes in the country is 109.85 million showing an increase of about 1.0% over previous Census.
  • The total milch animals (in-milk and dry) in cows and buffaloes is 125.34 million, an increase of 6.0 % over the previous census.
  • The total sheep in the country is 74.26 million in 2019, increased by 14.1% over the previous Census.
  • The Goat population in the country in 2019 is 148.88 million showing an increase of 10.1% over the previous census.
  • The total Pigs in the country is 9.06 Million in the current Census, declined by 12.03% over the previous Census.
  • The other livestock including mithun, yak, horses, ponies, mule, donkeys, camel together contribute around 0.23% of the total livestock and their total count is               1.24 million.
  • The total poultry in the country is 851.81 million in 2019, registered an increase of 16.8% in the total poultry.
  • The total birds in the backyard poultry in the country is 317.07 million. The backyard poultry has increased by around 46% as compared to previous Census.
  • The total Commercial Poultry in the country is 534.74 million in 2019, increased by 4.5% over previous Census.

 

System of Air Quality and Weather Forecasting And Research (SAFAR)

Paper: General Studies 3

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

Why in the news?

The Government of Delhi has been maintaining that the city’s pollution at this time of the year is mainly due to stubble burning in Punjab and Haryana, which goes against the data from SAFAR.

What is SAFAR?

  • Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES), Govt. of India, introduced a major national initiative “SAFAR” for greater metropolitan cities of India to provide location-specific information on air quality in near real time and its forecast 1-3 days in advance for the first time in India
  • It was started under the plan scheme “Metropolitan Advisories for Cities for Sports, Tourism (Metropolitan Air Quality and Weather Services)
  • The SAFAR system is developed by Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pune, along with ESSO partner institutions namely India Meteorological Department (IMD) and National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting (NCMRWF)
  • The implementation of SAFAR is done with an active collaboration with local municipal corporations and various local educational institutions and governmental agencies in that Metro city.
  • It was started on a Pilot basis in the cities of Pune, Ahmadabad, New Delhi and Mumbai
  • Pollutants monitored: PM1, PM2.5, PM10, Ozone, CO, NOx (NO, NO2), SO2, Black Carbon, Methane (CH4), Non-methane hydrocarbons (NMHC), VOC’s, Benzene, Mercury.

 

Airport Security

Paper: General Studies 3

Topic: Internal Security

Why in the news?

  • The Ministry of Civil Aviation has rolled out new access control measures across all airports in the country. It has withdrawn commercial Airport Entry Pass (AEP) and restricted protocol or facilitation extended to a section of passengers to ‘Meet and Greet’ service.
  • This facility was utilised to extend facilitation at arrival/departure terminals at airports for  guests in the process of check-in and baggage collection by a large number of major business establishments, luxury hotels and tour operators
  • In the new guidelines that take immediate effect, the Ministry urged States to ensure that access to aerodrome is controlled. Entry should be restricted to bonafide passengers and persons, including employees, having legitimate functions and issued with an AEP or Admission Ticket.
  • Withdrawing issue of Commercial AEPs for protocol purposes, the Ministry introduced ‘Meet & Greet’ Service for providing required assistance for those seeking the facility on the payment of a nominal fee.

 

Prelims Specific

  • Union Minister of Tribal Affairs announced the second phase of GOAL (Going Online as Leaders), a Facebook program aimed at inspiring, guiding and encouraging tribal girls from across India to become village-level digital young leaders for their communities. Launched earlier this year in March, GOAL connects underprivileged young tribal women with senior expert mentors in the areas of business, fashion and arts to learn digital and life skills. In the second phase of the program, the Ministry of Tribal Affairs and Facebook together will digitally mentor 5000 young women in India’s tribal dominated districts. The program will include weekly one-to-one mentoring sessions, focused on a range of skills such as digital literacy, entrepreneurship and online safety. In total, more than 200,000 hours of guidance will be provided using Facebook family of apps including WhatsApp and Facebook Messenger. Following the program, the participants will graduate to the GOAL alumni and will continue to receive support and guidance from the Ministry of Tribal Affairs and Facebook.

 

  • Tulagi is an island in the Solomon Islands situated in South Pacific that has recently been leased by a Chinese company for 75 years. The company is believed to be close to the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). The island has a natural deep harbour and provides a good place for location of military base.