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Madras HC curbs LG role in Puducherry

Paper : General Studies 2

 

Why in news?

  • Madras High Court ruled that the Lieutenant Governor of Puducherry could not interfere in the day-to-day administration of the Union Territory when an elected government was in place.
  • The Court said that incessant interference from the LG would amount to running a parallel government.

 

What is the position of a Union Territory?

  • As the name suggests a Union Territory is a territory governed by the Centre through an Administrator called a Lieutenant Governor for Puducherry.
  • The UT of Puducherry also has an elected Legislature based on Article 239A of the Constitution.
  • This creates a position of conflict between the Centre-appointed Administrator and the elected government creating two parallel centres of power.
  • However, democratic principles state that wherever there is an elected government, it is the will of the people that is supreme and hence in the above judgement the HC has ruled as such.
  • The Court has stated that based on reading of Article 239A there is no restriction imposed on the legislature in the case of Puducherry as is the case under Article 239AA with Delhi.
  • Government secretaries are required to report to the Council of Ministers (CoM) on all official matters and are not empowered to issue orders on their own or upon the instructions of the Administrator.

 

Assam Deportation Figure given to SC does not add up

Paper : General Studies 2, General Studies 3

 

Why in news?

  • Bangladeshi diplomat has stated that Bangladesh has taken back at least 73 people since 2018 even as the  Assam Government told the Supreme Court last week that only four Bangladeshi nationals had been deported since 2014.
  • People of doubtful citizenship identified by 100 Foreigners’ Tribunals are sent to the detention camps to be eventually deported to the country they came from. Assam has six such detention camps.

 

For more on the issue, read the Current affairs for April 26

 

Assam Rifles, NSCN (IM) agree to withdraw from Manipur Villages

Paper : General Studies 3

Why in news?

  • Assam Rifles personnel and members of the National Socialist Council of Nagalim (Isak – Muivah) have agreed to withdraw from two remote villages of Ukhrul in Manipur.
  • This followed a meeting between the Ceasefire Monitoring Group (CFMG) and a delegation of NSCN (IM) leaders in Kohima.

 

What is the NSCN (IM)?

  • The National Socialist Council of Nagaland is a Greater Naga Revolutionist, Christian Naga nationalist insurgent group operating mainly in Northeast India, with minor activities in northwest Myanmar until 2012.
  • The main goal of the organisation is to establish a sovereign Naga state, “Nagalim” which would consist of all the areas inhabited by the Naga people in Northeast India and Northwest Myanmar. According to the NSCN manifesto, their slogan is “Nagaland for Christ”.
  • It comprises of several factions which are hyphenated at the end of NSCN. The NSCN-IM is a faction founded by Isak Chishi Swu and Thuingaleng Muviah, hence the name.
  • A peace accord was signed by the Government of India with Naga armed groups headed by the National Socialist Council of Nagaland-Issak-Muivah (NSCN-IM) in 2015.
  • A ceasefire agreement exists with the Centre signed in 1997.

 

Maharashtra Government opens a portal to register e-vehicles

Paper : General Studies 2, General Studies 3

 

Why in news?

  • Maharashtra Government has opened an online portal to register battery-operated vehicles.
  • It will also provide 15% subsidy to owners of first 1 lakh EVs registered.
  • Other features include subsidy of 25% upto Rs 10 lakh on the first 250 charging stations.
  • Exemption from road tax and registration fees for EVs
  • 50% to 100% reimbursement of stamp duties on land and loan agreements to makers of EVs.
  • Refund of State GST if the e-car is sold within the state.
  • Incentives to component and battery makers.

 

Fani is Country’s strongest April Cyclone in 43 years

Paper : General Studies 1,  General Studies 3

Why in news?

  • Cyclonic Storm Fani is the first severe, cyclonic storm to have formed in April in India’s oceanic neighbourhood since 1976.
  • Severe cyclones are usually concentrated in November or around May (withdrawal and entry of the Monsoon).
  • This cyclone forming is being seen as a result of warming of the Bay of Bengal basin due to global warming.
  • The cyclone is expected to make landfall on the Odisha coast on May 3.

For more on the issue, read current affairs for April 26

 

IT Dept and GSTN to sign MoU for sharing data to prevent anomalies

Paper : General Studies 3

Why in news?

Income Tax Department and the Goods and Services Tax Network (GSTN) are set to sign an MoU that will allow the two to match their data regarding company financials so as to pin down any anomalies.

 

What is the GSTN?

  • The Goods and Service Tax Network (or GSTN) is a non-profit, non-government organization. It will manage the entire IT system of the GST portal, which is the mother database for everything GST.
  • This portal will be used by the government to track every financial transaction, and will provide taxpayers with all services – from registration to filing taxes and maintaining all tax details.

 

Core Sector growth at 5 month high in March

Paper : General Studies 3

Why in news?

Growth in core sectors of the economy surged in March to a five month high of 4.7% driven by a broad-based recovery in sectors such as cement, refinery products, steel and coal.

Index of Core Industries for March also showed that the growth rate in this FY was same as the last year at 4.3%

 

What are core sectors of the economy?

  • Core industries are the key industries required for the growth of other sectors of the economy.
  • In India, it comprises eight industries. These are Electricity, steel, refinery products, crude oil, coal, cement, natural gas and fertilisers.

 

Progress in UN listing of Azhar, says China

Paper : General Studies 3

Why in news?

Chinese Foreign Ministry has said that there is some progress on the issue of listing of Masood Azhar as a terrorist on the UNSC’s 1267 Committee list of sanctioned individuals and entities.

 

What is the UNSC 1267 Committee and Resolution?

  • The UNSC resolution 1267 was adopted unanimously on October 15, 1999.
  • It is a consolidated list of people and entities it has determined as being associated with Al Qaeda or the Taliban, and laws which must be passed within each member nation to implement the sanctions.

 

Only 19% water stock left in dams across Maharashtra

Paper : General Studies 3

 

Why in news?

  • With just 19.63 percent water stock left in 3,267 dams across Maharashtra, industries may soon face partial cuts in supply, sources in the department of water resources said. Last year, water stock in the dams was recorded at 32.60 percent around the same time.
  • Across the state, so far 19 dams have zero water stock, including Khadakpurna and Pentakli (Buldhana); Gosikhurd (Bhandara); Dina (Gadchiroli); Bham and Punegaon (Nashik); Pimpalgaon, Ghod and Temghar (Pune); Bhima (Solapur); Kundali Tata and Lonavala Tata.

 

International Workers’ Day – May 1

  • May 1 is marked as International Labour Day, also referred as May Day.
  • The day celebrates labourers and the working class. Labour Day is an annual public holiday in many countries.
  • In India, Labour Day is referred as Antarrashtriya Shramik Diwas or Kamgar Din. It is also referred as International Workers’ Day or just Worker’s Day.
  • Labour Day has its origins in the labour union movement in the United States.
  • During industrialization in beginning of the 19th Century, the industrialists used to exploit the labour class and made them work up to 15 hours a day. The workers rose against this exploitation and demanded paid leaves, proper wages and breaks for the workforce.
  • The eight-hour day labour movement advocated eight hours for work, eight hours for recreation, and eight hours for rest. The Labour Day annually celebrates the achievements of the workers.  
  • The theme of International Labour Day 2019 is “Sustainable Pension for all: The Role of Social Partners”.